Articles

FRUIT FLY- A Serious Insect Pest of Horticultural Crops in Pakistan.

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article image Fruit fly is a serious pest of fruits and vegetables in Pakistan. It causes intensive fruit losses from 50 to 90%. Mango, guava, citrus, melon, and cucurbits are seriously affected. The quality of fruits, financial losses, health problems and quarantine risk is caused by its attack. Prominent species found in Pakistan are Bactrocera zonata, B. […]…Read More

Maybe another Green Revolution

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Nowadays, the agriculture sector is facing a lot of problems like climate change, urbanization, reduction of agricultural lands, rapidly increasing population etc. Moreover, the excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides are polluting our environment. The demand for food would drastically increase as for the population of 6-9 billion in 2050. Our energy resources like […]…Read More

Conductive Inks: The Future of Electronics

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article image Conductive ink is an advanced ink which is used to draw or print circuits on various substrates that can conduct electricity and are used in printed electronics. Conductive ink printing usually uses common printing equipment i.e. a printer suitable for defining patterns on material, e.g. flexography, screen printing, gravure, offset lithography, and inkjet. They are […]…Read More

Alternanthera species interference and control studies in Oryza sativa L.

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Rice is an important staple food and cash crop of Pakistan and it is the second staple food after wheat. It contributes 0.6% to the gross domestic product and adds 3.1% to the value of the national agricultural product. It is grown over an area of 2748 thousand hectares with an annual production of 6811 […]…Read More

Antibiotic resistance an alarming peril

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Antibiotics are drugs that combat with infections caused by bacteria in human as well as in animals. The term “antibiotic” formerly used for the natural compounds that have the ability to kill bacteria while the term “antimicrobial” refers to both natural and synthetic compounds; however, most of the people used “antibiotic” to mention the both. […]…Read More

Pakistan on Crossroad of Mystery Phenomena of Migratory Birds

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article image Migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south, undertaken by many species of birds. Bird movements include those made in response to changes in food availability, habitat, or weather. Sometimes, journeys are not termed “true migration” because they are irregular or in only one direction . Migration is marked by its annual seasonality. […]…Read More

Nanoparticles Mediated Drug Delivery across the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB)

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article image              In Pakistan almost ten percent of total population (more than 20 million people) is suffering from some sort of neurological disorders and this number is greater than the people suffering from cardiac diseases and cancer. Various reasons of neurological disorders involve genetic disorders, congenital disorders, environmental health problems including malnutrition and brain injury, spinal […]…Read More

Life Straw, a basic necessity for Water Security

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Being a developing country, Pakistan is unable to meet the demand of safe drinking water. The unavailability of safe drinking water is leading to serious diseases including Diarrhea which is caused by poorly drained or unsafe drinking water. According to WHO report 25%-30% of all hospital admissions are associated with water borne bacterial and parasitic diseases with 60% of infant deaths caused by water borne infections. In Pakistan, according to an estimation 250,000 children under the age of 5 years die every year due to water borne diseases. One of the most simple, delicate and inexpensive device is Life straw that provides instant access to clean and safe water. It is the only ‘truly outdoor product’ that is available in the public health segment.…Read More