Climate change is transforming life on earth
August 10th, 2015 | Naveed Mushtaq, Nasir Ahmed khan, and Muhammad Rizwan | No Comments
AROUND THE entire globe, temperature is fluctuating, sea levels are rising and season is shifting. Our Planet must still provide us water, air food and safe places to survive. If we dont take steps now, climate change will promptly alter the waters and land we all depend upon for existence, leaving our offspring and grandchildren with an altered world. Heat-trapping gases released by automobiles, deforestation, power plants, and other sources are warming up and altering the globe. Throughout the 20th century, the earths average temperature rose one degree Fahrenheit to its peak level in the previous four centuries. Scientists project if heat-trapping carbon emissions arent reduced, average surface temperatures of the earth could increase by 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the close of the century.
As the earth heats up, sea levels rise because warmer water takes up more room than colder water, a process known as thermal expansion. Sea levels have increased 4 to 8 inches in the past 100 years. Current projections suggest that sea levels could continue to rise between 4 inches and 36 inches over the following 100 years. Worldwide, about 100 million individuals live within three feet of sea level. Sea level rise related with climate change could shift tens of millions of people in low-lying areas, specifically in developing countries.
One-fourth of the worlds species could be headed for extinction by 2050 due to climate change. Rising temperatures are shifting seasons and vegetation patterns across the sphere, forcing animal species to drift to new, chiller areas in order to survive. One-fourth of the Earths species could be headed for extinction by 2050 due to climate change. Rising temperatures are changing weather and vegetation patterns across the globe, forcing animal species to migrate to new, cooler areas in order to survive. In year 1999, the death of the last Golden Toad in America noticeable the first documented species loss causes by climate change.
Climate change is making fires, floods, and droughts more common and severe. It is increasing the circulation of water on, above and below the surface of the soil, causing floods and drought to be more common, severe and widespread. Higher temperatures raising the amount of moisture that evaporates from water and land, leading to drought in numerous zones. Lands affected by drought are more vulnerable to flooding once rain falls. As temperatures rise globally, droughts will become more frequent and more severe, with potentially shocking consequences for agriculture, water availability and human health. Dry conditions and hot temperatures also increase the likelihood of forest fires. In the conifer forests of the western United States, earlier snowmelts, longer summer time and an increase in summer and spring temperatures have increased fire frequency by 400 percent and have increased the amount of land burned by 650 percent since 1970.
Climate change will cause hurricanes, storms and tropical storms to become more powerful. Precise research directs that climate change will cause hurricanes and tropical storms to become more intense, communities. As sea surface temperatures rise, developing tornadoes will hold more energy. At the same time, other causes such as increasing sea levels, vanishing wetlands, and increased coastal development threaten to intensify the damage caused by storms and tropical tornadoes.
Climate change carries health risks to the worlds most vulnerable communities. As temperatures rise, so do the threats of heat-related illness and even death for the furthermost vulnerable human populations. Like In 2003, for instance, extreme heat waves initiated more than 20,000 deaths in Europe and more than 1,500 deaths in India. Scientists have linked the deadly heat waves to climate change and warn of more to come. In adding to heat-related illness, climate change may increase the range of infectious diseases, generally because warmer temperatures permit disease-carrying animals, insects and microbes to stay alive in zones where they were once let down by cold temperature. Pests and diseases that were once restricted to the tropics like mosquitoes that transmit malaria, may find hospitable situations in new areas that were once too cold to support them. The World Health Organization (WHO) assesses that climate change may have initiated more than 150,000 deaths in the year 2000 alone, with an increase in deaths in the future.
We all can show an important share in stopping climate change. Unfortunately, there is a lot of confusion about climate change. It requires collective as well as individual efforts to cope with climate change adversities. We can combat climate change by decreasing emissions from forest degradation and deforestation and also by making our food making practices more sustainable. Tropical deforestation accounts for almost 10 percent of the worlds heat-trapping emissions equal to the yearly tailpipe emissions of 600 million average cars.
The transportation sectors emissions have greater than before at a faster rate as compare to any other energy-using sector over the past years. A range of resolutions are at hand, including improving efficiency in all types of transport, changing to low-carbon fuels. Renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal and bioenergy are prolific around the globe. A lot research have exposed that renewable energy has the potential to fulfil the vast majority of our energy requirements. Renewable expertise can be deployed quickly, are ever more cost-effective, and create jobs while reducing pollution.
Published in: Volume 06 Issue 32
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