Posts Contributed By "Waseem Ahmed"

  • 21 Posts in Total Contributed by Waseem Ahmed
  • Need to develop production technology of Rosemary

    Rosemary grows on a small evergreen shrub belonging to the Labiatae family that is related to mint. Its Latin name, Rosmarinusofficinalis, means “dew of the sea” and rosemary is most closely associated with the cooking and treatments of different diseases. Its leaves look like flat pine-tree needles, deep green in color on top while silver-white on their underside.  Rosemary is one of those wonderful herbs that make a beautiful ornamental plant as well as a welcome culinary seasoning. Rosemary has had the reputation for miracles for thousands of years. It has been used as an antiseptic, antidepressant, analgesic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, aphrodi…Read More

  • Boost for improved vegetables seed production in Pakistan

    THE VEGETABLES have good value in human food and nutrients since time immemorial. The world countries of low economy and people with low living status and poverty especially South Asian states have vegetable dietary habits hence grow and consume much more such green stuff for their food.  Pakistan has greater opportunities, being a center for vegetable production and can export fresh and canned vegetables in most of the Asian countries to earn foreign exchange. At present, mostly the growers depends on imported seeds, but it is true that many jobs …Read More

  • Rosemary - miraculous herb of the world

    ROSEMARY GROWS on a small evergreen shrub belonging to the Labiatae family that is related to mint. Its Latin name, Rosmarinus officinalis, means ‘dew of the sea’ and rosemary is most closely associated with the cooking and treatments of different diseases.  Its leaves look like flat pine-tree needles, deep green in color on top while silver-white on their underside. Rosemary is one of those wonderful herbs that make a beautiful ornamental plant as well as a welcome culinary seasoning.  Rosemary has had the reputation for medicinal miracles for thousands o…Read More

  • Sunflower seed powerful nutrient and medical uses for human health

    THE SUNFLOWER, Helianthus annuus, belongs to the family Compositae. Many other useful plants belong to the sunflower family such as echinacea, lettuce, marigolds, dandelion, chicory, chrysanthemum peruvianum and thistle. The sunflower plant is 5-20’ tall and it produces large brilliant yellow flowers and edible seeds. The sunflower head with its bright yellow petals radiating from a dark hub of seeds can reach up to 12 inches in diameter. This tall, rangy plant earned its name because its flowers resemble the sun and twist on their stems to follow the sun throughout day.&n…Read More

  • Minor fruit production needs boost

    PAKISTAN HAS fertile and variety of soils. It has variation in its soil and climatic conditions, which is favorable for the production of fruits, vegetables, and other agronomic crops. Mostly, high valued fruits and vegetables are produced in our country. Pakistan ranges from tropical-to-temperate climates allow growing 40 different kinds of vegetables and 21 types of fruits.   The present area under fruits and vegetables is 0.995 million ha (4.3 per cent of the total cropped area) with the total production of 10.992 million tons. Both area an…Read More

  • Water Resources Management- a must to deal with water scarcity issues in Pakistan

    PAKISTAN IS endowed with abundant water resources, with water flowing down the Himalayas and Karakorum heights, from the world’s largest glaciers, a free and unique bounty of nature for this land of alluvial plains. Earth’s total surface area (29.9% of its land area) it hosts 60% of the world’s current human population, but only about 36 percent of the renewable fresh water. So, even on a continental scale it is clear that water is a serious constraint in Asia.  China, India and Pakistan are three of the four top irrigators in the world, suffering with seriou…Read More

  • Rising water stress in Pakistan

    God has blessed Pakistan with water resources, with water flowing down the Himalayas and Karakorum heights, the world’s largest glaciers, a free and unique bounty of nature for this land of alluvial plains. Earth’s total surface area (29.9 per cent of its land area) it hosts 60 per cent of the world’s current human population, but only about 36 per cent of the renewable fresh water. So, even on a continental scale it is clear that water is a serious constraint in Asia. China, India and Pakistan are three of the four top irrigating states in the world, confronting with serious water problems. Pakistan has in most areas of agriculture a monsoon climate and there might be abundant rainfal…Read More

  • World valuable herb hops with medical benefits

    The Hop (HumulusLupulus, Linn.) is a native British plant, having affinities, botanically speaking, with the group of plants to which the Stinging Nettles belongs. It is found in most countries of the North Temperate Zone. The root is stout and perennial. The stem that arises from it every year is of a twining nature, reaching a great length, flexible and very tough, angled and prickly, with a tenacious fiber, which has enabled it to be employed to some extent in Sweden in the manufacture of a coarse kind of cloth, white and durable, though the fibers are so difficult of separation, that the stems require to be steeped in water a whole winter. Paper has also been made from the stem, or…Read More

  • Post-harvest management to control alflatoxin contamination of chilli

    Chili (Capsicum annum L.) of family Solanaceae is both a vegetable and a spice crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. Chili is an important ingredient in day to day curries, pickles and chatnies. It is very remunerative and brings good returns to the farmers. Chilies are produced seasonally but consumed throughout the year. The pods are marketed both in green and red form. There exists a great scope for its export. The pungency in chilies is due to an alkaloid capsaicin which has high medicinal value. The stem end of the pod has most of the glands that produce the capsaicin.…Read More

  • Problems of Litchi crop in Pakistan

    Litchi, the queen of fruits, is an emerging fruit crop of Pakistan. Litchi fruit is botanically called as Litchi chinensis and commonly called as leechi, litchi, laichi, lichu or lizhi. It’s a fresh and delicate fruit whitish pulp with an excellent perfume flavor usually lost during canning hence the fruit is mostly eaten fresh.  It was introduced here in early 1932 by Sardar Faqir Singh from Dera Dune, India, and remained an exotic plant until 1960s when commercial production started from few orchards located near Begum Kot, Lahore of Punjab province. Owing to its good fruit qual…Read More

  • Walnuts is gold of Pakistan

    Walnut belongs to the family Juglandaceae and genus Juglans. The family consists of about 60 species, 21 of which are placed in the genus Juglans. Walnut tree is medium to large with spreading crown. Nuts are borne singly or in clusters and a green, fleshy husk surrounds it, which splits irregularly at maturity. Walnut growing is extremely sensitive to soil conditions and should only be planted on the most suitable frost free, fertile, well drained and deeply rootable sites. The wood of walnut is considered as one of the most valuable woods in the world for high-grade fur…Read More

  • Saving citrus orchard from fruit fly

    Citrus stands first in area and production among the world’s tree fruits. In Pakistan also, citrus fruits are the most important fruit crops grown on the area of 160,000 hectares with production of 1.5 MMT annually. Citrus fruit is grown in all four provinces of Pakistan but Punjab produces over 95 per cent of the crop because of its greater population, favourable growing conditions and adequate water.  So to attain maximum output we need to minimize these losses to achieve maximum yield and farmers also get more income for their efforts. Pakistan has very fertile and variety of soil. It has variation in its soil and climatic conditions, which is very favourable for the production…Read More

  • Apricot as cash crop

    Apricot, (Prunus armeniaca L.) is a member of the Rosaceae family, along with same family of apple, pear, peach, and other stone fruits. The apricot belongs to Prunophora subgenus within Prunus along with plums. Hybrids between plums and apricots have been produced recently which are said to be finer fruits than either parent. It is somewhat acid in its raw state, but its acidity decreases and the sugar content increases in the process of ripening. The apricot is a stone fruit and has nut within it. It is round or oblong in shape, flattened to some extent. It is similar in shape as peac…Read More

  • Pine apple cultivation in Pakistan

    The king of fruits’ is one of the commercially important fruit crops of world. It is one of the choicest fruits all over the world mainly due to its pleasant taste and flavor. Pineapple is a good source of vitamin A and B and fairly rich in vitamin C and minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron. It is also a source of Bromelain, a digestive enzyme. In addition to being eaten fresh, the fruit can also be canned and processed in different forms. The pineapple (Ananascomosus) is one of the most popular tropical fruits. The origin of the pineapple is the American continent, pro…Read More

  • Problems of banana crop in Sindh areas

    BANANA IS the gift of nature which is called by Allah in Quran as the fruit of paradise. Wonderfully sweet with firm and creamy flesh, bananas come prepackaged in their own yellow jackets and are available for harvest throughout the year. Its nutritional value is high with a rare combination of energy value, tissue-building elements, proteins, vitamins and minerals. The easily assailable sugar makes it an excellent means of recovery from fatigue. In combination with milk these form a complete balanced diet providing three essential amino acids. Bananas are nutritious, providing …Read More

  • Kinnow orchards exposed to multiple threats in Pakistan

    The citrus fruit grown in Pakistan is considered to be the most important for better economic earning and its dietetic value. Citrus has generally been a source of foreign exchange earnings and its domestic need is also growing in the country. There are a lot of stresses which is coming on citrus industry in Pakistan. Due to these stresses especially lack of modern techniques, only 10 per cent citrus is exported to other countries. Citrus stands as the second most important fruit worldwide after grapes in terms of area and production. Pakistan is one of the top ten citrus producing countries of the w…Read More

  • Problems of post-harvest of fruit and vegetables in Pakistan

    Pakistan have a very fertile and variety of soil. It has variation in its soil and climatic conditions, which is very favourable for the production of fruits, vegetables, flowers and other crops. Mostly high valued fruits, vegetables and crops are produced in our country. Pakistan, ranging from tropical to temperate, allows growing 40 different kinds of vegetables and 21 types of fruits. Major vegetables grown include potato, onion, chilli, melons, cucumber, tomato, turnip, okra and pea, whereas, citrus, dates, mango, guavas, apple, banana, apricot, grapes, almonds, peach, plum and pomegranate are the main fruit cr…Read More

  • Problems of post-harvest of fruit and vegetables in Pakistan

    Pakistan have a very fertile and variety of soil. It has variation in its soil and climatic conditions, which is very favourable for the production of fruits, vegetables, flowers and other crops. Mostly high valued fruits, vegetables and crops are produced in our country. Pakistan, ranging from tropical to temperate, allows growing 40 different kinds of vegetables and 21 types of fruits. Major vegetables grown include potato, onion, chilli, melons, cucumber, tomato, turnip, okra and pea, whereas, citrus, dates, mango, guavas, apple, banana, apricot, grapes, almonds, peach, plum and pomegranate are the main fruit cr…Read More

  • Persimmon fruit nutrition facts and health benefits

    Most people have no idea what to do with persimmons. They resemble tomatoes somewhat, but it’s actually a berry. Similar to the tomato, the yellow to dark orange fruit has a sweet, spicy flavour when it is fully ripe. Sweet and delicious persimmon fruits are rich in health promoting nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants that are vital for optimum health. Botanically, the fruit belongs to the family of Ebenaceae of the genus: Diospyros. Scientific name: Diospyros virginiana Persimmon is a multi-trunked or single-stemmed deciduous tree, which grows up to 25 ft. in height. They grow best in areas that …Read More

  • Rising need for seedless grape fruit varieties

    CITRUS is the general name for a group of species and hybrids that includes Lemons, Oranges, Mandarins, Grapefruit, Pummelos and many others. Citrus fruits are the most valuable fruit crop in international trade. All of the numerous Citrus varieties are cultivated in subtropical or tropical regions. Grape fruits are evergreen trees and are usually found at around 5–6 metres (16–20 ft) tall, although they can reach 13–15 metres (43–49 ft). The leaves are dark green, long (up to 150 mm, or 6 inches) and thin. It produces 5 cm (2 in) white four-petaled flowers.  The fruit is yellow-orange skinned …Read More

  • Problems of peaches in Northern Areas

    PEACHES HAVE been grown in Asia for more than 2000 years, and produced for centuries in the United States. Peaches are considered the “Queen” of the fruits and second only to apples in popularity as a deciduous tree fruit because of their fine flavour and many uses as a fruit. The peach tree, Prunus persica, is a deciduous tree, native to China, where it was first cultivated. It is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell. It belongs to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae…Read More