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Posts Contributed By "Zeeshan Sattar"

  • 13 Posts in Total Contributed by Zeeshan Sattar
  • Astonishing health realities about ‘Spinach’

    SPINACH (SPINACIAOLERACEA) is a wonderful green-leafy vegetable often recognized as one of the functional foods for its wholesome nutritional, antioxidants and anti-cancer composition. Its tender, crispy, dark-green leaves are one of the favorite ingredients of chefs all around the planet. Spinacia Spinach may survive over winter in temperate regions.  The leaves are alternate, simple, and ovate to triangular, very variable in size from about 2–30 cm long and 1–15 cm broad, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and small leaves higher on the f…Read More

  • Medicinal benefits of chilies pepper for humans

    CHILI PEPPERS are available throughout the year to add zest to flavorful dishes around the world and health to those brave enough to risk their fiery heat. Chili peppers, despite their fiery ‘hotness’, are one of very popular spices known for their medicinal and health benefiting properties. The chili, actually, is a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family (Solanaceae), within the genus, capsicum. This is the plant that puts fire on your tongue and maybe even a tear in your eye when you eat spicy Mexican, simmering Szechuan, smoldering Indian, or torrid T…Read More

  • Saline agriculture impression in soils and its management strategies

    AGRICULTURAL productivity is severely affected by soil salinity because salt levels are harmful to plant growth. Estimates show that at present about 20 per cent of the irrigated land in the world is affected by salinity. The loss of cultivable land due to salinity is likely to increase over the next 20 years. At present, there are nearly 954 million hectares of saline soils on the earth’s surface. All these salt affected soils are distributed throughout the world.  The total geographical areas of Pakistan is 80 million hectares or 197.0 million acres, w…Read More

  • Impacts of eggplant on human health and its nutritional values

    EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena) is member of Solanacea family. Eggplant is one of the important solanaceous crops that are widely grown in tropics and subtropics. Solanum melongena is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. It has several common names; in American and Canadian English it is called eggplant, in British English it is called as aubergine. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. Other common names are melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash. The ancient ancestors of eggplant grew wild in India and were first cultivated…Read More

  • Impact of fungi in biotecnology

    The fungi as food and feed are very nutritive since they contain essential and nonessential amino acids. The use of fungi as dietary sources and in fermented beverages is in vogue since pre-biblical times. Archaeological evidence traces association of edible wild mushroom to the inhabitants of Chile, almost 13,000 years ago. However, it was in China where the consumption of wild fungi was first reliably noted and their utilization in production of other food materials, their full potential was not explored until the latter half of the 20th century when it was boosted by the adve…Read More

  • Impact of climate change on sugarcane diseases

    Sugarcane family Gramineae (Poaceae) is widely grown crop in Pakistan. Sugarcane originated in New Guinea where it has been known for thousands of years. Sugarcane plants spread along human migration routes to Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Agriculture is central to economic growth and development in Pakistan. Being the dominant sector it contributes 21.4 percent to GDP, employs 45 percent of the country. Sugarcane is a cash crop along with source of white crystal sugar. It also provides grower with a very good substitute of sugar as ‘gur’ and ‘khandsari’ (brown sugar). Sugarcane to…Read More

  • Saline agriculture impression in soils and its management strategies

    Causes of salt accumulation The location of Pakistan is in arid and semi-arid climatic zones. The average summer temperature is about 45°C and the minimum winter temperature remains between 2°C to 5°C. The annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 700 mm throughout the country. The evaporation rate is generally very high and exceeds that of precipitation. Thus, the insufficient rainfall followed by high evaporative demand and shallow ground water depth, enhances the movement of salts towards soil surface. In Pakistan salinity is an important problem affecting irrigated agricult…Read More

  • Impact of livestock in increasing greenhouse gases

    Livestock production plays a key role in the life of farmers. In global food production it provides food, income, employment and many other contributions to rural development and also has part of local landscapes and ecosystems for eras. In human society it also contributes by food, employment, nutrients and incomes which are helpful for the economy of the country. Animals for the sake of food vastly contribute in the production of greenhouse gases so there is a need for the awareness that rapid global production and feasting greatly influence the discharge of Green House Gases (GHGs). These greenhouse gases emitte…Read More

  • Insects winter ecology

    Insect overwintering is a fascinating process involving many physiological, epidemiological, bi¬ochemical and behavioral changes. The study of the overwintering process can offer an insight into the development of insects, as well as helps us predict the patterns of disease epidemic and crop destruction caused by some species. Insect winter ecology entails the overwinter survival strategies of insects, which are in many respects more similar to those of plants than to many other animals, such as mammals and birds. This is because unlike those animals, which can gen¬erate their own heat internally (endothermic), ins…Read More

  • Forensic entomology

    THE HISTORY of Forensic Entomology Forensic entomology was first reported to have been used in 13th century China and was used sporadically in the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, playing a part in some very major cases. However, in the last 20 years, forensic entomology has become more and more common in police investigations. In 1996, some of us developed the American Board of Forensic Entomology; a certification Board for Forensic Entomologists, similar to the Board certification available for forensic odontologists and forensic anthropologists. However, only in the last 30 years forensic entomology has been systematically explored as a feasible source for evid…Read More

  • Grapes harvest problems and solutions

    By Zeeshan Sattar, Sabir Hussain Khan, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Iqra Ashfaq and Muhammad Mohsin Raza THE EARLIEST evidence of grape vine cultivation and winemaking dates back 7,000 years. The genus of grapes is Vitis which contains about 60 species, but the Vitis vinifera is the principal species from the cultivated grapes which has been derived. Dessert grapes, wine grapes and Raisin grapes are three broad divisions of grapes. Grapes are swiftly becoming a popular home grown fruit. They are consumed fresh, as juices and wine, as jam, raisins and jelly Sand as frozen products. European grapes are cultivated for eating in Pakistan. Over 70 per cent of gr…Read More

  • Pathological threats to mangoes and remedies

    By Zeeshan Sattar M.Sc. (Hon’s.), Muhammad Mohsin Raza, Sabir Hussain Khan, Muhammad Aslam Khan and Iqra Ashfaq MANGO, MANGIFERA indica L. is one of the most important overseas cash earning fruit crop of Pakistan, through exporting to all over the world. It is known as the “King of fruits”, because the mango fruit is nutritionally rich in vitamin A and C and carbohydrates. It is savoured and liked by every one for its dietetic value and flavour and is also claimed to be of medicinal value. A wide choice of near about 200 mango varieties Pakistan offers and the most famou…Read More

  • PGPR: Potential microbes for sustainable agriculture

    By Zeeshan Sattar, Muhammad Aslam Khan and Muhammad Mohsin Raza AGRICULTURE CONTRIBUTES to a major share of national income and export earnings in Pakistan, while ensuring food security and employment. Sustainable agriculture is vitally important in today’s scenario because it offers the potential to meet our future agricultural needs, something that conventional agriculture will not be able to do. Recently there has been a great interest in eco-friendly and sustainable agriculture. PGPR is known to improve plant growth in many ways when compared t…Read More