Fisheries: Neglect in curbing malnutrition in Pakistan

STAFF REPORT KHI: The fisheries resources play a significant role in economic welfare, income generation, employment and food security of a country. Global fish production was recorded 82.6 million tons in 2011 and 79.7 million tons in 2012 while the worldwide average per capita fish consumption was increased from 9.9 kg in the 1960s to 19.2 kg in 2012.

InPakistan, per capita fish consumption is two kg, which is the lowest in the world. InPakistan, annual fish production is 0.6 million tons wherever 53 per cent came from marine resources and 37 per cent from inland share resources.

Fatty fish is a rich source of vitamins, particularly vitamins A and D, as well as thiamin, riboflavin and niacin. Fish liver and fish oil is the main source of Vitamin D which is crucial for the development of bone in children as well as for absorption and calcium metabolism.

InPakistan, factors such as poverty, inflation, illiteracy and price volatility, unemployment, lack of proper hygiene, substandard health facilities, clean water, sanitation systems, conflicts, economic turmoil, climate change, disasters are making the task of achieving food security difficult.

According to the WHO, obesity is the fifth leading risk and is considered the main cause of death, especially in adult with a range of 2.8 million in all over the world.

Women were found more susceptible to micronutrient deficiency. In 2011 about 16% of pregnant women were reported to have been malnourished.

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