In Pakistan, desert ecosystem is also not safe from the adverse effect of climate change and the weather conditions sometimes become so harsh that it makes life of people and their livestock miserable, said the Climate change and conservation experts.The deserts of Thar and Cholistan are most affected by climate change and varying rainfall patterns that lead to massive deaths of livestock and migration wave said the experts to press media.
“From south to north that is from the Arabian sea to K-2 ecosystem has a wide variety of habitats accommodating a diverse number of species. Among these ecosystems the four are considered to be able to the outstanding biological eco-regions across the world that are near to collapse because of notorious climate change”, said the Mahmood Akhtar Cheema, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Country Representative.
He further said that livestock, the vital part in agriculture contributes 12% GDP ranging from 30-35% to this sector of the country and people of rural areas.The farmers of the area prone to climate change are convinced to adopt innovative methodologies in terms of investment he added.
Cheema said while answering the question that for livestock availability of food and good fodder ensured on priority. He furthered stated that farmers should also be convinced to grow grass as food for livestock especially in hilly areas and aware them about food and fodder.
The revealing fact for scientists, livestock experts, and official policy makers that globally share of Pakistan’s livestock trade has a value $1,000 billion Cheema said. He said this matter should be taken seriously
Livestock of Pakistan is suffering from energy protein and mineral deficiency especially in the south of Punjab that includes Thar, Cholistan, and Barani areas. Disease feedback of metabolic disorders and mineral deficiencies reported from districts where they have not done any research yet, Aysha said Nutrient deficiency can be overcome in the Cholistan and other areas deficient in fodder by using urea, molasses, and mineral blocks. Tharparkar Sindh about 200 sheep died because of fodder shortage, Humaira added.
Dr. Talat Pasha, Vice Chancellor UVAS said that the desert of Thar covers 19,623 square kilometers have a population of 1.6 million and 6 million livestock representing a rich source of the livestock is also threatened by climate change.
“Increased desertification and a water shortage all happening due to deforestation, unplanned project’s development and use of land for agriculture are because of graver climate change, ” he said.
Dr. Pasha emphasized that the building small reservoirs to store rainwater, installation of small reverse-osmosis plants, solar powered pumps, and planting of trees that are drought-resistant can be helpful to deal with the harsh challenges of climate.
“The drought in Thar and Cholistan is not by chance but the result of climate change that can be sustained in these areas for years to come. Creating awareness among cattle-farmer by offering training to address the issue of the climate challenges”, said Tanveer Arif, an official of the Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment (SCOPE) Pakistan.
Ministry has directed the provinces to encounter the adverse effect of climate change in terms of agriculture and livestock a senior official in the Ministry of Climate Change told the press.