Innovative approaches are those approaches which renovate the agriculture and aid farming community to increase crop production in sustainable agriculture.
These approaches include i.e. Biotechnology, Precision Agriculture, bio-production / Biological fortification, Integrated Pest Management (IPM), rice intensification systems (SRIs), organic farming, conservation agriculture, water Management Systems, natural resource management, urban and peri-urban agriculture, biofuels and renewable energy in agriculture.
Biotechnology repairs poor soil and water. The utilization of bioremediation. Improvement of latest cultivars that need less culturing (lessening of soil disintegration) or fewer pesticides and manures (diminishment of water contamination). Applications of mechanical biotechnology to reduce greenhouse gas emanations from synthetic generation. Grow new cultivars with hereditary useful characteristics. For example, Tolerance to herbicides, imperviousness to pests, agronomic attributes, quality attributes of items, genetically altered (GM) cultivars of Cotton, Maize, Rapeseed, and Soya
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have three unmistakable parts: Precision agriculture is a system that utilizes innovation to accumulate and examine information for the evaluation of changes in soil or atmosphere conditions to help in the use of good horticultural practices in the ideal place at opportune time. It depends essentially on new advances, including the worldwide situating framework, sensors, satellite and flying symbolism, and data administration devices, to gather data on variables, for example, ideal thickness of Sowing, composts, and other information needs. The utilization of ICT stages and procedures to improve correspondence, data trade and systems administration between a more scope of people, associations, and ventures.
Bio-production alludes to the spread and insurance of all valuable bio-resources which bolster the reasonable horticulture required for human presence and the living biosphere of human, bio-fortification – the making of plants that deliver or accumulate micronutrients – Aims to build the wholesome nature of principal products through reproducing. Golden rice is a decent case of a bio-fortified crop.
The IPM utilizes a variety of practices to diminish the interest for compound pesticides, including i. e. Crop turn, screening and observing of the nearness and development of parasites and the utilization of opponent and parasitic living beings, and additionally natural pesticides. Long-term answers for irritation control through various strategies i. e. biological control, territory control, modification of agronomic practices and make utilization of safe cultivars
Half of the nourishment by 2030 and increasing of creation by 2050 upgrade the effectiveness of water utilizes and enhance agrarian water management. It incorporates i.e. Irrigation to smooth water supply by-production seasons, water administration in rain-encouraged agriculture, flood administration, droughts and seepage, conservation of environments and related social and recreational qualities.
Administration of natural assets, for example, land, water, soil, plants, and creatures, with the thought on how administration influences the personal satisfaction of present and future eras. The administration of common assets looks particularly on a logical and specialized comprehension of assets, ecology and on the limit of these assets to bolster life. Incorporated common assets administration is a procedure of regular asset administration deliberately, for example, Sustainable land utilizes, participatory arranging, coordinated watershed administration and versatile administration.
As per FAO gauges up to 15 percent of world nourishment creation originates from urban agriculture and 70 percent of urban families in creating nations take an interest in rural exercises, including the generation of vegetables, organic products, mushrooms, herbs, meat, eggs, drain and even fish in group gardens, private yards, schools, doctor’s facilities, rooftops, window boxes and empty open terrains (counting by streets and railroads). What’s more, urban agribusiness likewise creates miniaturized scale undertakings, for example, compost generation, sustenance
Bio-fuels speak to an extensive variety of energizes got from biomass – including strong biomass, fluid powers, and different bio-gasses. General society, strategy, industry, and research are progressively inspired by the part of bio-energizes in accomplishing manageability; enthusiasm for variables, for example, increments in oil costs, the need to build vitality security, and worries about greenhouse gas emanations from fossil powers.
Innovative approaches play a vital role to improve crop production in several ways. It not only assists farming community but also a way to increase economics of our country. In support of crop production, these approaches help in crop protection, adaption of crop to new environment, improvement of nutrients. Innovative approaches help to secure natural resources, biofuel production, a way to introduce renewable energy resources in agriculture and organic farming.
This article is collectively authored Muhammad Ahmad Arain, Muhammad Ahtisham Tahir, Khyzer Hayat, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum and Muhammad Ishfaq Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.