Climate change is having significant results on our planet’s diversity of life and individuals lives. Sea levels are rising and they are warming. Longer, more exceptional dry seasons debilitate freshwater supplies and yields, jeopardizing endeavors to nourish a developing world populace. Without deliberate actions, the changing atmosphere will genuinely compromise food production globally and in Pakistan’s food security. It will influence food availability by lessening the efficiency of products, livestock and fisheries, and prevent access to food by disturbing the livelihoods of a large number of rustic individuals who rely upon agriculture for their income. Pakistan is an agriculture-dependent country, with more than 47 percent of its populace procuring their work from agribusiness. The agriculture contributes 24 percent to GDP. Effects of global climate change in Pakistan are obvious in the form of growing regularity of droughts and flooding, increasingly erratic weather behavior, changes in agricultural patterns, lessening in freshwater supply and the loss of biodiversity. In a nutshell, climate change could hamper our targets, as well as of many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Indus Valley, which remains the strength of Pakistan’s cultivation, weakened by the fancies of environmental change, induced through anthropogenic intercessions which results global warming. There will be a rise in temperature by 3 degrees by 2040 and up to 5-6 degrees by the end of the century. Natural uncertainties like changing in precipitation pattern, extremely high and low temperatures, cyclones, thunderstorms, variation in water level, impurification of air, water and soil, have made agriculture and agri-production a challenging issue. Uncommon heavy rain falls in 2010, which resulted in floods and distortion of agriculture and property, are an example of this continuously changing phenomenon. The loss to the economy and the people sufferings are still remembered and unforgettable. Inclination towards agriculture is not the same as it was decade ago. Climate change has hostile impacts on agriculture but the fact is that farming community is not even aware of it. They don’t even know that because of rising temperature cropping pattern may face drastic changes in the coming 2-3 decades. There will be less water availability, which alters the crop rotation and cropping patterns. Our farmers are still practicing old methods of farming. There is a need to address the agricultural challenges arising because of climate change in Pakistan. It is the need of the time to carefully observe climate change, its causes of extreme weather actions and find the best possible solutions to the problem. A modification is desired to more sustainable food systems. A framework that deliver more, with more socio-economic advantages and with less environmental effects. It is established that a reformative, dynamic farming sector can give ecological advantages and facilities while making agri-business and supporting livelihoods. Timely preparation and adaption to climate change is essential not only to tap positive opportunities but also to minimize the adverse impacts of climate change in all sectors of economy including agriculture, livestock, forest and water resources particularly. At the same time there is need of efforts to introduce measures including structural and non-structural and bio-engineering measures to protect natural resources from climatic hazards that are expected to increase due to climate change and may well overtake the positive impacts of these climate changes. In the wake of cumulative climate change risks supplemented by growing population pressure on the already inadequate natural resources, the present agriculture climate policies are absolutely inappropriate and should be altered accordingly for better food security.
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