China has published the most research papers on artificial intelligence around the world, while AI research from the United States remains the most influential, said a report on artificial intelligence development released in Shanghai.
More than 300,000 papers on artificial intelligence have been published globally from 2013 to 2018, among which around 74,000 were published by Chinese researchers and 52,000 by their US counterparts, and the US dominated in fields such as citation impact, number of patents, and the scale of companies and funds, the report said, adding that China lacks basic theoretical research.
The report was compiled by the Research Center for artificial intelligence Development, which was established last year by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
“China and the United States are the two main pillars of the world’s AI research network, and the most cooperation on artificial intelligence research happened between the two nations－the link between them is the strongest,” said Li Xiuquan, deputy director of the center. “But more and more countries have realized the importance of artificial intelligence, and paid a lot of attention to this area.”
The report said 12 countries announced their national strategies on artificial intelligence in 2018, including the US, Germany and the United Kingdom, and another 11 countries are in the process of drawing up their national artificial intelligence strategies.
The report pointed out that the weakness of artificial intelligence research in China lies in the insufficient collaboration between universities and industries, while Israel and the US are ahead in this respect.
“Artificial intelligence research in China is largely limited within universities, resulting in a low rate of technology transfer from research to commercial products,” Li said.
Wang Yingchun, director of Shanghai Science and Technology Development Research Center, said technology diffusion has been taking places in the Yangtze River Delta.
“Technology teams from Shanghai universities start businesses in Suzhou, Zhejiang province. Things like this happen a lot now,” Wang said.
“And plans to build data infrastructure, such as cloud computing and data centers, have been made in the integrated development of the region.”
The report also surveyed artificial intelligence education in China, which has started at all levels. More than 30 universities have opened schools on AI, and 75 established AI majors or interdisciplinary majors with AI.