Hangzhou (abbreviated to Hang, also called Lin’an, Qiantang and Wulin in ancient times) is in the middle part of southeast China, near Shanghai.
Located at the southern wing of the Yangtze Delta, the West End of bay, the lower reaches of Qiantang River and the southern end of the Grand Canal (Beijing-Hangzhou), it is one of the most important central cities in the southern wing of the Yangtze River Delta and a hub of transportation in southeast China.
Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province, is the provincial center in Economy, Culture, Science and Education. It is a famous city in history and culture and an important national tourist city with the beautiful scenery. Hangzhou is one among China’s seven ancient capitals and has been selected a “Historic and Cultural City” by the govt.
Its history can be traced back over 2,200 years to the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC). It flourished after being linked with the north via the Grand Canal, which starts in Beijing and ends in Hangzhou.
From 907 to 978 AD, Hangzhou was the capital of the Wuyue Kingdom during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. Then in 1132 it became the capital of the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279).
West Lake Cultural Landscape
Hangzhou boasts two World Heritage Sites – West Lake and the Grand Canal. The West Lake Cultural Landscape covers a neighborhood of 3,323 ha (8,210 acres) and includes some of Hangzhou’s most notable historic and scenic places. In 2011, it was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
It is a perfect combination of temples, pagodas, pavilions, gardens, and ornamental trees, as well as causeways and artificial islands. Famous poets, scholars and artists since the 9th century have been inspired by the West Lake and the hills surrounding its three sides, and have written numerous poems, stories, and dramas for this blessed place.
The Grand Canal
At a length of more than 2,000 kilometers, the Grand Canal is the longest canal or artificial river in the world, running from Beijing in the north to Hangzhou in the south. It was added to the World Heritage List in 2014.
Xixi National Wetland Park
Xixi National Wetland Park is situated in the western part of Hangzhou, it is a rare urban wetland. With wealthy ecological resources, straightforward natural landscape and profound culture, it’s called one among the three “Xi’s” in conjunction with Xihu (West Lake) and Xiling (the Seal Engravers’ Society).
Xixi National wetland Park has not solely broad open views, however additionally a range of water views. Warm and wet, the area enjoys a comfortable climate featuring abundant precipitation and four distinct seasons.
Experts claim there are four distinct aesthetic features: coldness, wildness, simplicity and magnificence. Coldness suggests quietness because it is a tranquil place in an exceedingly droning city; wildness connotes nature as this is often a pure land in human society; simplicity suggests that plainness or the philosophy of ‘back to nature’ and class relates to the gathering of literary figures and artists.
Birthplace of Dragon Well Tea
Hangzhou is that the birthplace of Dragon Well (Longjing) tea, which is the most famous green tea in China and ranked as first among China’s top 10 teas. Ever since precedent days, Hangzhou, known as the “Capital of Tea in China”, has been a famous tea-production base in China.
Tea culture is a vital feature of town. Hangzhou tea plantations primarily include Longjing Tea Plantation and Meijiawu Tea Plantation. Walking round picking tea leaves in a plantation and learning the art of tea-making are memorable experiences.
Home of Silk Production
Hangzhou is additionally the historic center of China’s silk production. It has forever been considered the “Silk City”. One will see silk clothing and trinkets everywhere. Hangzhou silk is soft, luxurious, and decorative. It makes a great souvenir to take home once visited Hangzhou.
Impression West Lake
Staged entirely upon the lake itself (a stage has been engineered three centimeters below the surface), Impression West Lake is a spectacle of light, music, dance and theatrics. The stories are based on Hangzhou legends. Using the lake and its surroundings as props, lights and hundreds of actors create a sensational performance. It is a novel outdoor performance on natural settings.
Staged on the West Lake, the performance appears vivid and incredibly beautiful. Mixed with the myths and legends of the West Lake, the show leads you to a sweet thousand-year dream. The special concealable area ensures every seat a beautiful place to fancy the dazzling show. The state-of-the-art audio system is unquestionably to supply a stunning musical enjoyment. The show is a must-see at Hangzhou and the most amazing and beautiful spectacle one will see in life.
No Cash at Hangzhou
In Hangzhou, people go out without cash. This phenomenon is attributed to Alipay, a mobile payment app developed by Alibaba. Alipay is increasingly used in China generally. In Hangzhou, all the buses, 98 percent of taxis, more than 95 percent of supermarkets and more than 80 percent of restaurants can use Alipay for payment.
In addition, more than 50 urban service fees can be paid through Alipay, including utilities, hospital charges, etc. Mobile payments cover almost every aspect of life. Foreign tourists do not need to worry about payments, cash still works. Hangzhou has become the biggest ‘mobile payment city’ in China and even the entire world.