The importance of food waste stretches from environmental pressures to economic and social impacts.
According to the recent research, an estimated 100M tons of food waste is produced each year in Europe. The Global Warming Potential (GWP) of current food waste for EU in 2011 is estimated to at last around 227 M tons of CO2 equivalents. At the global level, the FAO study Food Wastage Footprint: Impacts on Natural Resources highlights that the carbon footprint of all food that is produced but not eaten is close to 3.3 G tons of CO2 equivalent. Consequently, food wastage becomes the 3rd emitter after USA and China.
When food is disposed in a landfill it rots and becomes a significant source of methane – a potent greenhouse gas with 21 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide. Growing and transporting the food that goes to waste emits as much carbon pollution as 39 million passenger vehicles. The global food system is responsible for up to one third of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, making it one of the largest contributors to climate change, according to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. The fact that we carelessly waste 33% globally means there is huge potential to reduce our environmental footprint. Big picture, energy and transportation tend to be the face of climate change, but with food’s impact arguably larger it definitely deserves more of a focus
Here are some of the most common and most effective ways to reduce or manage food waste levels in your business:
- Recycle by Composting:Food producers can solve 100% of their food waste problems by simply organizing an effective composting strategy. And doing so not only eliminates waste, it also saves you money because you don’t need to “outsource” your compost production. Mostly fruits and vegetables inedible parts are inorganic in nature and they can be use to make good
- Turn Wasted Food into Animal Feed:Cultivating compost is one way to recycle food, but it can also be done in the bellies of cattle, sheep, pigs, and other livestock (themselves destined to become food).For example fruits and vegetable inedible parts can converted to ruminants feed and cereals waste can be converted to birds feed.
- Use Waste Food to Produce Products: From bio-fuels to liquid fertilizer, there are many useful products that can be manufactured from certain kinds of waste foods. And often “left overs” of one company could be useful in another industry for the food scrap. For example ugly fruits turn into yummy drinks an healthy snacks made from brewery waste.
- Source Reduction: The simplest way to curtail food waste is to simply produce less whenever overproduction is clearly leading to waste. Due to advanced technologies per Acre production have increased enormously, so huge amount of products have to handle and store properly otherwise spoilage occurs, so production should be made according to need excess amount of food prohibited.
- Food Donation:When excess foodstuffs are still safe to eat, they can be given to the hungry and the poor who find it difficult to afford sufficient food in today’s high-priced economy. For example in Asian countries like Pakistan, India and Malaysia large amount of food is wasted in marriage ceremonies so this practice should be prohibited and excess food should be given to poor people this will reduce food waste as well as reduce hunger in World.
Food product growers, transporters, and sellers in the World can find realistic and even profitable ways to combat excessive food waste. Given the inefficiency of food waste and the humanitarian debacle of throwing away food while many go hungry, food waste management should be a top priority across a host of industries.