Maize-soybean intercropping will be best system in terms of income, ecological sustainability if total benefits are calculated, according to a report published by Gwadar Prot.
Ecological, Under China’s Sichuan Agricultural University Prof Yang Wenyu’s support and guidance, Ali Raza, a Pakistani student, brought this technology from China to Pakistan. It was noted that there is a lack of soybean production in Pakistan. Till now Pakistan has relied on imports to meet the soybean needs. “Now increasing soybean area is encouraged in Pakistan.
For farmers who are not ready to reduce their maize area, the best available option is to use the intercropping tech,” Ali said. Maize yield could have been lifted more if double amount of fertilizer was applied to each unit length because in the intercropping filed the number of maize plants is twice as many as that in the pure maize field.
Furthermore, selecting shade-resistant soybean varieties is also a key point, and the yield of soybean can reach a new high. It’s also been learnt that after COVID-19 pandemic ends, specialized machinery such as planters and harvesters will be introduced to Pakistan to further boost the production efficiency.
According to the report, the maize-soybean strip intercropping demonstration in Bahawalpur, Punjab completed harvest last week. The yields of soybean and maize reach 1,304 kg/ha and 8,596 kg/ha respectively, which exhibits satisfactory results. This is indeed inspiring news for local farmers who want to grow soybean without curbing the cultivation of maize.
Maize harvest in this intercropping field outdistanced the country’s average maize yield which is only around 5,000 kg per hectare. Meanwhile, farmers get considerable soybeans as an additional return.
As the selling price of soybean is two to three times as that of maize, when viewing the two crops as a whole, the overall economic benefit has significantly been improved, the report added.
This news was originally published at dailytimes.com.pk