Camel is the symbol of dignity, patience, friendship, motivation and success. The 22 June is celebrated as “Camel day” every year around the globe to promote camel care.
By: Dr. Muhammad Akram, Dr. Ali Hussain, Usama Mujahid
The purpose of this celebration is to create awareness about the importance of camel in the world. Their total population worldwide is about 35 Million, with maximum population found in Somalia around 6.2M. There number variable in different countries like Sudan, Mauritania, Ethiopia, India and Pakistan respectively are 3.2M, 1.23M, 1.07M, 1.03M, and 1M. In Pakistan, almost, there are about 20 species are identified with two famous breed, Riverine and Mountain breed that mostly found in sandy desert. The camel is one of typical and best adopted animal of desert, capable to enduring thirst, and hunger for days. Their maximum population found in Cholistan where people use them for milk, meat and transporting load from one place to others. Mahra breed are use for riding, also trained for dancing, while Berella is heavy breed. Milch breed famous for milk production in Pakistan.
The camel milk http://www.healthline.com is staple food for Asia and Africa for long time. It is substitute of mother milk for new born child. It contains vitamin C five times and high iron more than normal milk. There are many benefit of its milk such as boosts the immune system, Help prevent anemia, Aids in preventing diabetes, prevent autoimmune disorders, beneficial in increasing blood circulation in body, lower risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack and strokes, help in reducing allergic reaction such as lactose intolerance, stimulate growth and development of bones and organ system. Camel blood contains high level of AST, albumin and low density lipoprotein.
The Bactrian camel is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. It has two humps on its back, it has double hump. Its population of two million exists mainly in the domesticated form. Their name comes from the ancient historical region of Bactria. The Dromedary, also called the Somali camel, is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back. It is the tallest of the three species of camel; adult males stand 1.8–2 m at the shoulder, while females are 1.7–1.9 m tall. Males typically weigh between 400 and 600 kg, and females weigh between 300 and 540 kg. Their gestation period is about 410 days and lactation duration around 8-10 month.
Camelidae (Camel family):
Camelids are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda. The extant members of this group are: dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, wild Bactrian camels, llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, and guanacos.
The Alpacais a species of South American camelid descended from the vicuna. It is similar to, and often confused with, the llama. However, alpacas are often noticeably smaller than llamas. The two animals are closely related and can successfully cross-breed. Alpacas and llamas are related to the guanaco.
The Llama is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era. Llamas are very social animals and live with others as a herd. Their wool is very soft and lanolin-free. Llamas can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions.
Camel Care Needed to Improve Production:
There are a lots of work needed to do to improve camel care, production and health status.
- Firstly, we should improve reproductive efficiency and use artificial insemination in camel to produced new offspring with more desired characteristics.
- Also need to start pure breeding program to conserves its endangered species.
- We must established new hospitals especially for camel diseases diagnosis and effective treatment against their all disease.
- Should arranged workshop and guide about their farming and nutrition requirements.
- We should also start collaborative research, register camel herd, established well organized modern marketing system.
- We should develop a strong relationship between animal scientists and botanist to achieve common good goal of improve camel production. By adopting all these measures, we can increase this indigenous breed that can fulfill the increasing food demand and maintain food chain.
The Author; Usama Mujahid belongs to Multan, one of the oldest cities in Pakistan. He is student of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. As a medical student, he is a dignified, famous, humanitarian, leader and volunteer. He is also an active member of the society. He has done many honors with the younger generation to ensure the global culture of peace, raise the issues of the society nationally and globally. He is also certified from University of London in ”Understanding Research methods” & from University of Edinburgh in ”Animal Behavior and Welfare”