Essential oil are concentrated oils that are derived from plants. Several types of oils are produced from citrus species, including oranges, lemon, and grapefruit. Orange essential oil as a food flavoring agent or an ingredient in some cleaning supplies. And though research on effectiveness for health purposes is limited, orange essential oil may also be useful in easing stress and anxiety (when used as aromatherapy) and improving acne (when used topically).
By Aimn Jabeen, Athar Mahmood
Sweet orange essential oil comes from Citrus sinensis, the oranges you are used to eating. It is derived from the fruit, especially the rind. It is mostly used in aromatherapy but has been studied for topical application (applied to the skin). There are other types of orange essential oils you may come across. Bitter orange essential oil comes from the rind of the fruit of Citrus aurantium. It is used in aromatherapy, topical application, and internal use (in capsules). Other types of orange essential oil include neroli oil (from the flowers of Citrus aurantium), petigrain oil (from the leaves of Citrus aurantium), mandarin oil (Citrus reticulata Blanco), and bergamot oil (Citrus bergamia Risso and Piot).
Orange essential oil is extracted from the rind of the sweet orange, Citrus sinensis. This is done by a method called cold pressing, which uses pressure to squeeze the oils from the rind. Sometimes, the leaves and flowers from the orange plant can be used as well.
The compounds inside an orange oil vary with each different oil extraction. Composition varies as a result of regional and seasonal changes as well as the method used for extraction. Several hundred compounds have been identified with gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry. Most of the substances in the oil belong to the terpene group with limonene being the dominant one. Long chain aliphatic hydrocarbon alcohols and aldehydes like 1-octanol and octanal are second important group of substances.
Orange essential oil has a variety of uses. These can include applications to:
lift your mood or reduce stress
treat skin conditions such as acne
reduce pain or inflammation
relieve stomach upset
use as a natural household cleaner
add a pleasant scent to a room or to products like perfumes and cleaners
give flavor to a variety of foods and beverages
A 2017 studyTrusted Source involving people with bone fractures looked at whether inhaling orange essential oil could help with pain. Compared to a control group, people inhaling orange oil reported less pain.
In 2008Trusted Source, researchers assessed if a blend of ginger and orange essential oil could help with knee pain when applied to the skin. Compared to a control group, people using the essential oil blend reported greater short-term pain relief, but the oil didn’t seem to help with longterm pain.
A 2019 studyTrusted Source on rats evaluated if orange essential oil could promote weight loss. They found that obese rats that were fed capsules of orange essential oil showed a reduction in weight gain as well as lowered chole Dosage and Preparation. A quality orange essential oil will typically be sold in a dark amber or cobalt blue bottle with a dropper cap. The colored glass reduces oxidation caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
When combined with a carrier oil, orange essential oils can be applied directly to the skin at a ratio of 1 to 2 drops of essential oil to 2 teaspoon of carrier oil. Orange essential oils can also be safely inhaled by sprinkling a few drops onto a cloth or tissue, or using an aromatherapy diffuser or vaporizer. Several drops of the oil can also be added to a warm bath for a therapeutic soak.
Essential oils should be stored in a cool, dry room away from direct sunlight, ideally in their original light-resistant bottles. They also keep well in the refrigerator. Essential oils have a long shelf life, but you should discard any that become cloudy or congealed, or that smell funny. Keep the cap screwed on tightly to prevent evaporation.
Safety and side effects
Any essential oil has the potential to cause a skin reaction when applied topically. If you’re concerned about a possible reaction, test a little bit of diluted orange essential oil on the inside of your elbow before using it on larger areas. Avoid using old or oxidized orange essential oil, which can cause dermal sensitization. This is a type of allergic reaction that may not be noticeable after one use, but it can cause severe reactions after you’ve used it a few times. Some citrus essential oils are phototoxic. This means they can cause a painful skin reaction if you use them on your skin and then go out in the sun.
Orange essential oil has a low risk of phototoxicityTrusted Source, but you should still exercise caution if you plan on going outside after using it on your skin.
As with other essential oils, follow these safety precautions when using orange oil:
Don’t apply undiluted essential oil to your skin.
Keep the oil away from your eyes.
Store the oil out of reach of children and pets.
If you use the oil for aromatherapy, make sure that the space you’re in is ventilated well.
If you’re pregnant, breastfeeding, or taking prescription medications, speak to your doctor
before using orange essential oil.
Is orange oil good for skin?
Antibacterial and antifungal properties of this oil are great for skin, especially if you commonly suffer from bacterial conditions such as acne or fungal conditions such as athletes foot.
Authors : Aimn Jabeen, Athar Mahmood University of agriculture, Faisalabad