China’s Mars spacecraft rover ‘Churong’ was able to land on Mars on Saturday. China’s National Space Management has given this information. China has become the second country in the world to successfully land its rover on Mars. The US had done this feat before.
The Chinese spacecraft is named Tianwen-I, which was launched in July last year. The rover present in it is named ‘Churong’. This rover was named Churong after the name of the mythological fire and war god of China. Which will work on climate and geology of Mars by landing on the surface of Mars.
Six Wheeled Rover: A rover is a small space robot with wheels attached to it. The Churong is a six-wheeled rover. It has reached the Plainsia plane of the Utopia of Mars, which is part of the northern hemisphere of Mars. China has used a protective capsule, a parachute and a rocket playform in this rover.
Will send pictures from Mars: This Chinese rover from Utopia Planesia will send pictures of Mars. Chinese engineers had been working on it for a long time. The current distance of Mars is 32 million kilometers, which means that it will take 18 minutes to reach the radio message to the Earth.
Successful sending of information for 90 days: If Churong succeeds in the mission of collecting and sending information from Mars in the next 90 days, then China will be the second country in the world after America, in whose name it will be successful.
The rover landed here: The Chinese rover Utopia has descended into Planicia, or Nowhere Land Plain, a massive basin two thousand miles wide in the Northern Hemisphere. It is believed that this basin is formed by the collision of a meteorite. In 1976, NASA scientists visited the same area. These areas are part of the northern Terai regions on the surface of Mars.
Mars environment is challenging: Mars is also known for difficult and challenging environment. Dusty thunderstorms are very powerful here. This is the biggest challenge for any space mission.
These landing milestones: Chinese media
The Global Times, a newspaper controlled by the Communist Party of China, wrote that the mission set a major milestone with its landing.
Breakthrough from America: China has succeeded in launching Churong Rover to Mars when it is competing with the US over global technical leadership. America has historical achievements in space science, but now China is also challenging it.
China remains its space center: In recent years, China had launched the world’s first quantum satellite. It was landing on the moon and was successful in obtaining a lunar sample. China is also building its space station.
‘Churong’ is the heaviest plane landing on the surface of the red planet
China became the third country in the world to achieve success in the ‘soft landing’ of a vehicle on Mars on Saturday morning. His ‘Churong’ lander is said to be the heaviest vehicle ever to land on the surface of the red planet. At the same time, if we talk about being active for the longest time on Mars, this record is recorded in the name of NASA’s ‘Opportunity’ vehicle.
Soviet Union’s first success
The ‘Mars-3’ lander of the erstwhile Soviet Union, which flew to space on 28 May 1971, was the world’s first aircraft to land on the surface of the Red Planet.
-02 The success found in ‘soft landing’ on Mars on December 1971, however, could remain active for only 110 seconds, sending a black and white photograph over this period.
The weight of the lander was -1210 kg, the orbiter weighing 3440 kg, the ‘Mars-3’ orbiter circled the orbit of Mars for eight months, sharing important data.
America’s ‘Viking-1’ created history
-20 August 1975 ‘Viking-1’ set out on a journey to Mars, stepped on the surface on 20 July 1976, remained active for 2307 days and sent many rare pictures.
– The vehicle failed to find clues to life on the red planet, but it found elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, which are necessary for the origin of life.
-572 kg lander was 883 kg weight of orbiter, lost contact with lander due to an incorrect command sent by ground control on 11 November 1982
These Mars missions were also successful.
– Viking-2: Surface active for 1316 days, confirmed the presence of iron, silicon, magnesium, sulfur, aluminum, calcium and titanium, stalled on 12 April 1980 due to battery inactivity.
-Mars Pathfinder: On July 04, 1997, it stepped on the red planet, its ‘Sojourner’ rover was the world’s first rover to carry out scientific research on an astronomical body other than Earth-Moon, 95 days active.
– Opportunity: On January 25, 2004, touched the surface of Mars, recorded a record of most active 5250 days, discovered many meteorites, including ‘heat shield rock’, exposed the existence of many rocks that may have had water present in the past.
-Finix: On 25 May 2008, the first plane to land in the polar region of Mars, indicated the presence of icy rocks on the planet, confirmed the soil to be acidic, discovered minerals such as magnesium-potassium, lost contact on 10 November 2008.
-Insight: Landing in the second largest volcanic region of Mars on 26 November 2018, active for 901 days in a row, deploying a ‘seismometer’ to study seismic activities to help uncover the mysteries of the planet’s origins.
-Preservation: To study the pit named ‘Jjero’ on Mars, which landed on the surface on 18 February 2021, this pit is estimated to be filled with water at one time, equipped with a helicopter named ‘Ingenuity’, which on the planet History made on the first successful flight.
China’s ‘Churong’ equipped with 13 scientific instruments
‘Churong’ weighing -05 tons is the heaviest ever to make a successful ‘soft landing’ on the surface of Mars, equipped with 13 huge scientific instruments, aiming to remain on the surface for three months.
Objective: To study the inner surface of the Mangal as well as finding traces of water presence there, helping to understand the environment besides the composition of available minerals and rocks.
India is also in preparation
On 05 November 2013, India launched a spacecraft called Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), the Red Planet, orbiting Mars on 24 September 2014.
– India became the first country in the world to achieve this feat in the first attempt, this is the cheapest Mars mission at a cost of Rs 450 crores.
– Captured the Moon’s moon ‘Phobos’ and ‘Demos’ close to the camera, hinting at the hundreds of kilometers of dust storms to rise there.
In 2022, ISRO will start work on its second Mars mission ‘Mangalyaan-2’, its purpose is to discover the essential elements of the origin of life on the red planet.
Originally published at News tree