Ber Fruit Production in Pakistan

 Ber is an important fruit crop of Pakistan. It is also known as Indian jujube. The tree is native to India and Pakistan. The ber fruit is high in vitamins C, A and it is often used in traditional medicine. The fruit is not only high in fiber but also low in fat and sodium, making it a healthy substitute for other high-fat and high-sodium snacks (like chips). It’s also an excellent source of 11 vitamins and minerals, including thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin, pantothenic acid, calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium and foliates.

By Dr. Javeria Sherani, Dr. Madiha Butt, Mahek Hamid and Muhammad Muzamil Ijaz

Botanical Description

 Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana) is an important fruit tree of the family Rhamnaceae, grown extensively in Pakistan. It is a popular summer fruit as it has high water content. The plant grows as a large evergreen shrub or small tree that can reach a height of 10 m. The leaves are 2.5-7.5 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, with three to five lobes. The flowers are yellowish-white, with four petals, and grow in clusters of two to four. The fruits are fleshy, round or oval, and range in color from red to black when ripe. Ber trees are generally propagated by seedlings, but air layering and grafting can also be used. Ber seeds should be sown in nursery beds in early spring.

Pakistan’s climate and soil ideal for ber fruit production

Pakistan’s climate and soil are ideal for ber fruit production. The climate is warm and the soil is rich in nutrients, making it the perfect environment for growing ber fruit. Pakistan has a long history of producing high quality ber fruit and its farmers have developed a unique production process that results in delicious, juicy fruit. Pakistan’s ber fruit industry is a major contributor to the country’s economy. In fact, ber fruits are one of Pakistan’s main exports. Ber fruits are exported both raw and processed.

Propagation Method of Ber fruit Tree

Ber is an important fruit crop of Pakistan. It is propagated by seed, air-layering and grafting. Grafting and air-layering are the common propagation methods used for Ber plant in Pakistan. Ber is commonly propagated by grafting. Trees propagated in this manner take several months longer to produce fruit than seedling trees. Grafting is a technique in which a portion of one plant (the scion) is joined with another plant (the rootstock), so that they continue to grow as a single plant. Grafting is often done to produce more vigorous or disease-resistant plants. The most common type of grafting used for Ber plants is called “whip and tongue” grafting. In whip and tongue grafting, a V-shaped cut is made on the rootstock, and a matching cut is made on the scion.  


            The production of ber fruit is a complex process that involves several steps, including fertilization. Fertilization is an important step in the production of ber fruit. The right type and amount of fertilizer can make a big difference in the quality and quantity of the crop. There are many different types of fertilizer available and farmers must choose the right one for their soil and climate. The most common type of fertilizer used for ber fruit production is chemical fertilizer. The use of chemical fertilizers is essential for the production of fruit crops in Pakistan. However, the high cost of these fertilizers often prevents small farmers from using them. As a result, yields are often low and quality is poor. The government of Pakistan has recently launched a program to provide subsidies for the purchase of chemical fertilizers. This program is expected to improve the production of ber fruit in Pakistan by making it more affordable for small farmers to use these vital inputs. This type of fertilizer can be very effective, but it can also be harmful to the environment if not used properly. Farmers must be careful to follow the directions on the label when using chemical fertilizer. Organic fertilizer is another option that is becoming more popular with farmers.

Harvesting and post-harvest operations

            Ber fruit is an important source of food and income for smallholders in Pakistan. The cultivation of ber fruit is a relatively simple process, but there are a number of important considerations for farmers to take into account in order to ensure a successful harvest. The most important factor in the success of ber fruit production is the timing of the harvest. Ber fruits must be harvested when they are fully ripe, but not overripe. If the fruits are harvested too early, they will not be sweet enough; if they are harvested too late, they will be too soft and may not keep well. After the berries are picked, they must be sorted and graded according to size and quality. The best berries should be reserved for fresh consumption, while those that are not quite as perfect can be used for processing into jams, jellies or other preserved products.

Pest and disease control

The cultivation of ber fruit is popular in Pakistan due to the many benefits that the fruit provides. In order to ensure a good crop yield, it is important to control pests and diseases.


Fruit fly:

One of the most common pests that attack ber trees is the Fruit fly. Fruit fly control is important because these insects can damage the crop and reduce the quality of the fruit. There are several techniques that farmers can use to control fruit fly populations. These include using traps, spraying insecticides, and releasing predators into the field. By taking these measures, farmers can ensure that their crop is healthy and of high quality. This will help to improve the economy of Pakistan by providing a valuable product for export.


             Mealybugs are small, white insects that feed on the sap of plants. They can cause serious damage to ber trees, and they are difficult to control. Chemical pesticides are usually used to control mealybugs.


Another common pest that affects ber trees is the aphid. Aphids are small, black insects that feed on the leaves of plants. They can cause stunted growth and yellowing of leaves.


The production technology of Ber fruit in Pakistan is a very important aspect of the country economy. The fruit is grown in many parts of the country and is used in various industries. The production process of the fruit is quite simple and does not require much investment. Pakistan has a very good climate for the growth of Ber fruit. The soil and water conditions are also very favorable for the cultivation of this fruit. There are many factors that contribute to the success of the production technology of Ber fruit in Pakistan. One of the most important factors is the use of modern equipment and machinery in the production process. The use of latest technologies has helped to improve the quality of the fruit and has also increased its yield. Pakistani growers have also developed new varieties of ber fruit that are more resistant to pests and diseases. The improved production technology has helped to make Pakistan one of the leading suppliers of ber fruit in the world. The country exports large quantities of ber fruit to many countries including Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman. The export of ber fruit from Pakistan has increased significantly over the past few years, and this trend is expected to continue.