Food Scarcity causes, remedies and future prospects

The World Trade Organization estimates that if total calories from all the food produced were divided among all the people on earth, there would be 2,750 calories per person per day.

Food Scarcity causes, remedies and future prospects

Since the recommended daily minimum per person is 2,100 calories a day, there are enough calories to feed everyone in the world. But not everyone is getting the need calories and food because it’s “not evenly distributed across the landscape of the world.

Food shortages have had serious long-term and short-term effects, including hunger, malnutrition, multiplier mortality and political instability.

Causes:

There are some social factors that cause food shortages. The rate of population surge is better than the increase in dietary productions. What the world is eating far exceeds the miles it creates, leading to a reduction in food inventories and storage stages, as well as rising food costs due to soaring demand and insufficient supply.

The increase in population has led to the exploitation of agricultural land in order to reach a human agreement, thereby reducing agricultural production. Overcrowding of the population of a given region has led to the urbanization of previously wealthy agricultural areas.

Destruction of human-inhabited forests, especially tropical rainforests, has caused climate change, including persistent drought and desertification. As people use extra gasoline in car, industrial and home cooking, population growth will bring more pollution. The resulting impact is an increase in air and water pollution, which has an impact on climate and food production.

There are some social factors that cause food shortages. The rate of population surge is better than the increase in dietary productions. What the world is eating far exceeds the miles it creates, leading to a reduction in food inventories and storage stages, as well as rising food costs due to soaring demand and insufficient supply.

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The increase in population has led to the exploitation of agricultural land in order to reach a human agreement, thereby reducing agricultural production. Overcrowding of the population of a given region has led to the urbanization of previously wealthy agricultural areas.

Destruction of human-inhabited forests, especially tropical rainforests, has caused climate change, including persistent drought and desertification. As people use extra gasoline in car, industrial and home cooking, population growth will bring more pollution. The resulting impact is an increase in air and water pollution, which has an impact on climate and food production.

Environmental factors have greatly contributed to the shortage of meals. Climate trade has reduced agricultural production. Climate trade is mainly caused by human movements and, to a few extent, by natural movements.

The increase in fossil fuel combustion due to power plants, transportation of automobiles and increased coal and oil extraction has exuded inexperienced indoor gases that continue to affect the global climate. Deforestation in tropical woodlands has changed climate patterns and rainfall seasons due to human pressure, and has caused desertification that cannot assist crop production.

Pollution problems exist in various categories; these include air pollutants, water pollutants and soil pollutants. Population pressure has led to overgrazing and deforestation of agricultural land, reducing the scale and fertility of agricultural land due to soil erosion.

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There are many economic factors that cause dietary scarcity. Economic factors affect the ability of farmers to interact in agricultural production. Since most farmers do not have enough money to seed and fertilizer, poverty in developing countries has reduced their potential to produce food.

The farming techniques they use are substandard and cannot even be used in large quantities. The rising prices of rice and other basic commodities have left most poor people unable to pay for meals even where they have food. In developing countries, there is little investment in agricultural research and planting.

Farmers in developing countries have consistently adopted old farming methods, low-yielding seeds and poor agricultural infrastructure, which limits their productive capacity. The recent international financial catastrophe has led to rising food prices and reduced investment in agriculture by using people and governments in developed countries to reduce food production.

Remedies:

There are some ways to solve the shortage of food. It is hoped that through joint efforts and human efforts to reduce carbon emissions and the generation of pollutants, the resulting climate trade will be reduced. People want to invest in convenient energy sources such as solar, nuclear and geothermal energy in their homes and industries because they do not adversely affect the surrounding environment. A wealthy international location should help bad countries expand and use simple renewable energy sources, allowing you to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. The government hopes to negotiate collaboration with climate agencies, the World Bank and the United Nations to develop projects aimed at promoting a healthful environment.

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to develop projects aimed at promoting a healthful environment.

Future Prospects:

How do we imagine survival from now to 20 to 30 years after? There may not be enough meals on the plate, which is not an exaggeration. Today, many people sleep in hunger every night. By 2050, we need to provide at least 50% more food to feed the estimated 300 million people. For our nutrition framework, the dietary system, and for us and our generation, this is a daunting adventure.

For several months, the Pakistani army has been conducting large-scale operations against terrorists in the FATA region. This action has displaced about 1 million people from FATA and its surrounding areas, threatening their right to eat. The crisis has exacerbated the lack of confidence in Pakistan’s with food insecurity. According to the statistics of the World Food Program, there are about 80 million Pakistanis, almost half of the total population of the country, which are facing food insecurity. At the same time, 95 districts are facing various diseases including hunger and malnutrition-related diseases, which is quite alarming situation. According to UNICEF report half of Pakistani infant deaths could be attributed to poor diet.

At present, the population is about 200 million, many of whom go to bed hungry, and millions of people are malnourished. Trends indicate that things will gradually worsen.

M. Rehan Saleem
Author: M. Rehan Saleem

Agronomist

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M. Rehan Saleem

Agronomist

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