THE CLIMATE health and the kind of fuels humans utilize to account for their needs are proportional to each other. The façade of fossil fuels may exhibit a vibrant picture but the environmental correlation depicts an entirely worsen panorama that is changing the ecological landscape of the globe.
The air pollution is primarily the deterring of air quality and inclusion of several pollutants including toxic gases, particulates etc. in air through various sources that render intensely alarming outcomes. The air pollution effects are not confined in fact the issue is multifold and has a web of engaging factors which fuel it and a holistic approach to restrain it are required direly from each of the nation dwelling on the earth.
The fossil fuel burning causes the discharge of greenhouse gases (GHG) such as carbon di oxide and nitrogen oxide in heavy amounts that are responsible for greenhouse effect, depletion of ozone layer, and formation of smog. The particulates remain suspended in air which causes acid rains, as well as toxic diseases for humans as well as agricultural lands and flora and fauna of the land. Several lungs diseases are associated with air pollution as humans intake the contaminated air into their windpipe they are posed to a serious health issues.
The fossil fuels are mainly the hydrocarbons formed by the geothermal, biochemical decay of fossils. The fossil fuels are one of the main sources of power generation as well. Most of the industries rely on fossil fuels. The carbon emissions from fossil fuels need abetment through either increasing efficiency of the fuel that will allow greater outcome from a limited amount of fossil fuel or by supplanting the use of fossil fuels with renewable energy sources such as hydro, solar, wind, and biomass etc.
The enterprises and business community is required to cut the carbon emissions by properly managing their emission portfolio and incorporate environmental friendly business strategy on priority basis. The green energy products must be incentivized by the government to make them a common utility product.
Pakistan contributes almost 0.5% of GHG in atmosphere making it one of the least contributors in the world but interestingly it is exposed to the climate change and air pollution phenomenon more than any other country due to its geographical location and topographic attributes.
The RandD funding needs to be improved in renewable energies to unearth cost effective, air friendly energy sources. To dig deeper into the renewable energy; capacity building initiatives are must to be adapted so to meet the future energy demands while not compromising on the environment and brushing the effect of air pollution.
The renewable energy is still an unexplored entity which if backed by supportive policies from government can shield from air pollution and climate change impacts. The renewable energy can assure sustainable environmental friendly economic growth of Pakistan and can also reduce its vulnerability to the debacles of air pollution climate change.
The energy conservation is the one approach through which individual can play their part to limit their carbon footprint and use less fossil fuel as possible and opt for eco-friendly and recycled products to suffice their needs.
The increasing of forest area both in cross section and density will help to absorb the carbon emissions and filter the air. Therefore, plantation campaigns for green revolution are must to leave fresh air for future generations.
The environmental protection agencies are like diagnostic centers of environmental health which identify the nefarious designs of air pollution and climate change patterns and mull policies that are necessary to reverse the effect and keep the environment in equilibrium. The balance is necessary to be maintained between carbon emission and absorption. The fossil fuel consumption can be balanced by forestation and introduction of renewable technologies for various sectors. Furthermore, the communities are required to be more resilient to the air pollution challenges. The mainstream media needs to develop communication strategies to disseminate the information regarding air pollution challenges to educate masses and develop civic sense to not become a contributor in air pollution by negligence; instead prompt them their lifestyles to be facilitator to combat the air pollution challenge by adaptation of environmental friendly products and limiting the consumption of fossil fuels.