Volume 06 Issue 02

  • Devising effective roadmap for engineering qualification standardisation stressed

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Experts and engineers at a national dialogue have highlighted the need for standardization of engineering qualification in today’s era saying it would prove to be an effective instrument in addressing engineering related problems and enabling engineers for their cross-border contribution. They were giving their input at the national dialogue and international meeting arranged by the UNESCO’s Islamabad and Jakarta Offices in Islamabad. The meeting was held in partnership with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), the International Science, Technolo…Read More

  • Cellcos may face military courts if SIMs not verified

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The government has warned cellular phone companies that they could be prosecuted in the military courts under the terrorism law if their un-verified SIMs are found in any terrorist activity after the expiry of deadline fixed for re-verification of SIMs through Biometric Verification System (BVS), it is learnt. Official sources said that at a high-level meeting held here, representatives of the telecom industry sought one year for the SIMs re-verification through BVS, but the government gave a deadline of 90 days against the initial deadline of 28 days. …Read More

  • Reduced jute usage causes environment degradation

    STAFF REPORT KHI: The export, consumption and production of jute are gradually declining in the country, which calls for immediate attention of the government, said Muhammad Younus, Secretary General of Pakistan Jute Manufacturers Association (PJMA). The production of jute in the country was 103,957 tons in 2003/04, but now it stands at 101,722 tons in 2013/14, while it touched heights of 137,411 tons during 2008/09. Similarly, the consumption of raw jute in 2007/08 was 134,427 tons and now in 2013/14 it came down to 108,917 tons, according to the data. The consumption patterns reac…Read More

  • Pak meat exports finding good niche

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Although Pakistan’s halal sector is still under-performing, the country is set to become one of the active players in the global meat trade, at least in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. The sector is slowly striving to create a niche for itself in the highly competitive global market which could be worth up to $1.6 trillion by 2018. Pakistan’s halal meat exports rose to $230.2 million during FY14, showing a 9pc increase, compared to $211.1 million in FY13, following promotional steps taken by the government, including a ban on commercial export of live a…Read More

  • Zong moves to tighten users’ data protection

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Zong has selected Symantec Netbackup Appliances and Software Solution in order to enhance its customers’ data protection. Being one of the largest telecom operators in Pakistan, Zong was looking for a solution to deal with data expansion challenges, and at the same time to achieve stringent RTO and RPOs, the press release said. Zong is the first and only operator in Pakistan to offer 4G services. The company holds more than 100 terabytes of business information, across 200+ servers over 3 data centres, says a press release issued by the company here.For …Read More

  • “Peer review” emerges as fresh science scam

    STAFF REPORT ISB: A few professional scientists have found a sneaky way to cheat their way up the career ladder as they evaluate their own research by pretending to be someone else. Scientists publish their research findings through academic journals, which check the work with independent experts before running with it. This independent checking is called “peer review”, but journals have retracted dozens of research papers in recent months after learning that peer reviews were faked. In Pakistan, for example, one economist has been named and shamed for faking positive reviews on 16 papers printed by the giant publishing company Elsevier. The practice has moved the issue of research fra…Read More

  • Public awareness needed to promote forests

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Environmentalists at a seminar held in the federal capital on “Tackling Global Warming through Conservation of Forests” said that the number of trees in private agriculture farms in Pakistan is increasing because of the defined ownership but forests under the government’s forestry departments are diminishing rapidly. Lack of ownership has made it easy for timber mafia and corrupt government officials to chop down trees for personal gains. “To protect the depleting forests we should follow into the footsteps of other countries by involving the local communities a…Read More

  • Pak universities ranked among top 300 Asian varsities

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Pakistani universities are among top 300 Asian universities with NUST being among the top 500 universities of the world. “HEC is trying to improve quality of higher education and help local educational institutions to improve their rankings,” said Chairman Higher Education Commission (HEC) Dr Mukhtar Ahmed while speaking at the four-day 5th International Symposium-Cum-Training Course on Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (MMDR-5) in Islamabad. He said that over 350 scientists, including 60 scientists from 28 countries have attended the internation…Read More

  • Mobile emergency alert system for schools

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), in collaboration with the Islamabad police and some mobile application developers, has developed a ‘Mobile Emergency Alert’ for schools to ensure affective security to schools and hospitals in the federal capital of Islamabad. In this regard, a training session for police officers and technical sessions were held to finalise the details of the project. Through this project, the access of smart-phone application will be given to administrative staff, at different schools and hospitals, to get timely help from the police, said an official of PTA while talking to this scribe. The police will have direct …Read More

  • HEC, IST to roll out business modules

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The research and development division, Higher Education Commission (HEC), and Institute of Space Technology (IST) have signed an MoU for rolling out “Start and Improve Your Business” module in Pakistan. Prof. Dr. Tariq Mahmood and Dr Zafar M Khan signed the agreement at HEC Secretariat, Islamabad. Fostering entrepreneurship for men and women is vital not only for the country’s economic growth but also for reaping utmost benefits from our bulging youth population that is approximately 60 per cent of the total population. As an effort to enable the universities to play their part not just as degree awarding institutions but for socio-economic gro…Read More

  • Workshop on 5G tech for disaster management held

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Participants at the workshop on “5G Technologies for Disaster Management” explored the disaster and emergency management by 5G technologies through knowledge sharing and random interaction. The four-day workshop was aimed at opening new dimensions for researchers to explore ways of confronting the disasters with the help of 5G technologies. The 5G technologies make it useful and feasible solution for communication services in extreme emergency situations where the fast and effective deployment of communication network infrastructure is impossible. HEC…Read More

  • Cyber security still an inflated problem

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan still remains ill-equipped to deal with the ever rising threat of cyber attacks, despite it has the world’s best hackers In 2014, hackers from different parts of the world continued to launch distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks on Pakistani websites. They hacked websites belonging to the security forces and the federal government, defaced them and leaked private data of government and security officials. The country’s premier anti-cybercrime watchdog (FIA) can barely cope with such attacks, according to industry experts.…Read More

  • PARC holds training for better production, livestock

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) is making allout for promotion of livelihood and food security in rural areas of the country through various R&D agricultural activities including hands-on training of different agricultural technologies. Dr. Ehsan Akhtar, Registrar PARC Institute of Advance Studies in Agriculture (PIASA), said this at the inaugural session of the two-day training workshop on “Quality Mushroom Production for Better Livelihood” here at the National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) Islamabad. The event was organized by PIASA-PARC in collaboration with Al-Mustafa Development Network for a diverse group of 25 trainee…Read More

  • IT solutions must to develop small businesses

    STAFF REPORT FSD: Experts at a seminar on information technology have said that that IT has become a buzzword in the age of technology thus the credible IT solution providers should focus on SMEs to give a jump to the economic activities in Pakistan. The seminar was jointly organised by the FPCCI and IBEX Global at the Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce. The seminar was aimed to educate and encourage the local business community, and convince them to manage their businesses in difficult circumstances. On the occasion, FPCCI President Mian Adrees said that most o…Read More

  • Remote control gloves unveiled for smartphonest

    MONITORING REPORT ISB: A group of Boston techies is taking smartphone gloves to a new level by turning them into a remote control for phones. The company calling the technology the GoGlove. It’s is a way to control smartphones with the tap of a finger. Ben Harris, co-founder of “Easier to Use”, which developed the GoGlove, said the idea came to him while he was out on the slopes with some friends. The time it took to take his phone out of his pocket, take off his gloves, change the song or adjust the volume, and then put everything back, put him way behind the r…Read More

  • Shell launches research on urbanisation, energy usage

    STAFF REPORT LHR: Shell has launched a research supplement in Lahore on how cities across the world grow and consume energy after an extensive study of over 500 urban centres. The research publication, New Lenses on Future Cities, produced in collaboration with the Singapore Centre for Liveable Cities surveyed a diverse mix of urban centres, and group cities into six illustrative archetypes indicating where energy use is most concentrated and where future urbanization is set to take place. It also identifies potential development pathways that help to give cities ‘room to mano…Read More

  • IBA, NBP join hands to improve services

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Fully understanding importance of linking educational institutions and industries for stepping up the pace of industrial development in the country, Institute of Business Administration (IBA) has signed an MoU with National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) to strengthen the industry-academia relationship. Under the MoU, NBP will provide 15 scholarships for four years, besides providing internship opportunities for students of IBA Sukkur. Such focused linkages, which will help develop the national economy, will encourage other leading national and multinational busines…Read More

  • Mobile data services sale goes up

    STAFF REPORT KHI: For Pakistan’s mobile telecommunication companies, data services have turned out to be a cash cow. With increased use of mobile social applications and over-the-top (OTT) services, the telecom sector witnessed a strong growth in its revenues from data services in fiscal year 2014. Data revenues of telecom sector clocked in at Rs90 billion during FY14, registering a growth of 24.6 per cent, reveals the PTA annual report. The cellular mobile segment was the main catalyst, accounting for more than half of the telecom sector’s overall revenues. The data revenues of cellular mobile operators (CMOs) reached Rs47 billion during the year under review, translat…Read More

  • Govt urged to stop dental mercury amalgam use

    STAFF REPORT ISB: More than 137 civil society organizations, including SDPI, Islamabad, individuals and professionals from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand have signed a declaration calling for Asia to end the use of mercury in dental care. Amalgam fillings are 50 per cent mercury, a major neurotoxin and its continuous use is not justified as alternatives are now affordable, effective, and available in Asia. The restriction of its use is demanded worldwide in the Minamata Convention on Mercury, adopted by more than 140 governments and the EU in 2013, in Kumamoto, Japan and signed by 128 nations. The civil society organizations call the …Read More

  • UVAS, Asia Feeds join hand for scholarships

    STAFF REPORT LHR: The University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore and the Asia Poultry Feeds have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in order to provide scholarships to UVAS students. Vice-Chancellor Prof. Dr. Talat Naseer Pasha and Asia Poultry Feeds Chief Executive Ahmed Hassan Chaudhry signed the MoU at a ceremony organised by the Office of the University Advancement and Financial Aid (OUAFA) of the university. According to the MoU, five needy deserving students pursuing DVM and BS (Hons) Poultry Science of the UVAS will be provided financial support/scholarships on merit every year. Rs 20,000 per semester will be paid to the each selected stud…Read More

  • Rs33.996b allocated for PAEC, Rs7.832b for HEC projects

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The government has released Rs172.453 billion so far for several projects including energy for the financial year 2014-15. According to the latest data of Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms, Rs33.996 billion have been released for various projects of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. An amount of Rs7.832b have been released for HEC out of its total allocations of Rs 20.068 billion whereas Rs14.865b have been released for water sector projects out of its total allocations of Rs43.427b for the current fiscal year. Similarly an amount of Rs1.9488 billion has been released for Cabinet Division out of its total allocations of Rs2.077 bil…Read More

  • Telecom sector earned Rs951.59b for national kitty

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan’s telecom sector contributed Rs951.59 billion to national exchequer during the last seven years. The sector was contributing an average of Rs124.8 billion annually to the national exchequer in terms of taxes, regulatory fees, initial and annual license fees, activation tax, and other charges during last three years but in fiscal year 2014,it contributed an all-time high Rs243.8 billion, registering a growth of 95.8 percent over the last year. A latest statistics issued by PTA, revealed that during 2007-08, the sector contributed Rs111.63 billion…Read More

  • Mega project approved for UVAS

    STAFF REPORT LHR: The Planning Commission of Pakistan has approved a mega development project of the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Lahore. The project titled “Enhancement of Research Facilities at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore’s Ravi Campus, Pattoki ” will be completed in three years at a cost of Rs980 million.The project envisages development of a hi-tech Central Laboratory Complex linked with on-site research centres for quality postgraduate research in nine domains to meet industria…Read More

  • P@SHA starts incubator for entrepreneurs

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Pakistan Software Houses Association for IT and IT-enabled Services (P@SHA), one of the leading players of start-ups field, has recently launched its technology incubator. Aim of the incubator is to serve as a bridge between talent, opportunity and commercial development for millions of young people, seen in the case of Plan9, the Lahore-based technology incubator of the Punjab Information Technology Board. “The tech community in Karachi has eagerly waited for this day and it is a great moment to witness its execution,” said P@SHA President Jehanara as she…Read More

  • Experts call for tackling global warming thru REDD+

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan is losing its forest cover at an alarming pace, at a time when the developing world has re-grown its lost stock, expert  have said during a recently held seminar at the SDPI in Islamabad. Experts at the event “Tackling Global Warming through REDD+”said both poverty and ignorance are adding to the problem; forests play a vital role in preserving eco-system, which is the nature way of reducing Green House gases. Forest cover is alarmingly low in Pakistan and existence of timber mafia further aggravates the situation. “Pakistan has undergo…Read More

  • Climate change evaporating water resources

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Climate change poses a greater security threat than terrorism because it can affect temperatures, the environment, the economy and the future policies of the country. Moreover, 70 to 80 per cent of Pakistan’s water from glaciers, but in the next 30 to 40 years, there, may be no more water in the Indus River because the glaciers will have all melted. “Pakistan is 135th among carbon emitting countries and contributed only 0.8 per cent to global carbon emissions. However, it is still included in the eight countries most vulnerable to the consequences of climate change,” said Dr Qamaruzzaman Chaudhry, a former DG Met Office and VP World Meteorological Organisation…Read More

  • Japanese envoy opens 2 education projects

    STAFF REPORT HFD: Ambassador of Japan Hiroshi Inomata has said that the Japanese government has given top priority to empowerment of women in Japan as well as other countries especially Pakistan. He expressed these remarks while recently inaugurating a science laboratory and a vocational training centre at Sakhi Village and Hafizabad. The envoy said the provision of funds for the establishment of a science laboratory in remote village and the Vocational Training Centre in Hafizabad was one of the examples of such commitments of the Japan govt. He hoped the project would not only improve the female education and skills of the local community but also contribute i…Read More

  • Science narrows gap between states, nations

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman, a former federal minister and Chairman Higher Education Commission (HEC), has said that science has no boundary while it bridges gap between countries and nations in the world. He was speaking at the closing ceremony of the four-day 5th International Symposium-Cum-Training Course on Molecular Medicine and Drug Research recently held at the International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi.More than 350 scientists, including 60 scientists from 28 countries, attended the international event, organised by Dr Panjwani Centre for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD). The foreign scienti…Read More

  • Cell phone SMS in 2014 remain 301.7b

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Mobile phone users in Pakistan have exchanged a startling 301.7 billion SMS messages during one year (July 2013 to June 2014). This means the subscribers exchanged around 800 million text messages per day. A comparison of last two years have showed that total SMS traffic during Fiscal Year 2014 decreased five per cent as compared to what we had in 2013, showing that mobile messaging apps such as WhatsApp, Viber, Line and Facebook are making an impact. Similarly, an average SMS per cellular subscriber in a month also reduced to 180 as compared to 214 …Read More

  • 40 million unverified mobile SIMs blocked in Pakistan

    STAFF REPORT LHR: Authorities have blocked around 40 million unverified mobile SIM cards across the country as part of the national campaign against the unverified SIMs in the wake of rising incidents of terrorism. This information was given during a recently held meeting of the Senate’s Standing Committee on IT&T. IT Minister Anusha Rehman urged legislation against cyber crimes and said all efforts would be made to block unverified mobile SIMs. Illegal SIM cards pose a serious threat to country s security as they are routinely being used in criminal and terrorist…Read More

  • Draft cyber law still misses cyber stalking

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The federal government has tabled its draft cyber security bill in the National Assembly to ensure quick implementation of National Action Plan (NAP) against terrorism but the draft bill still misses several key areas like online blasphemy, cyber stalking, ‘spamming’ and ‘spoofing’ which are considered serious offences in some other countries. The draft law has 51 sections and it explicitly covers cyber terrorism and proposes rigorous punishments for disruption of public services or online coercion, threat and intimidation. Section 7 of the draft law deals…Read More

  • Effects of deficit water on yield and quality of cotton

    Cotton is a major fiber crop grown in Pakistan. It is mainly grown in Sindh and Punjab provinces where the temperature is high in most of the areas. Cotton is multipurpose crop; and the fiber is the most important product regarding utilization. It is also a big source of many by-products e.g. cotton seed oil contributes about 82 per cent to the total oil production in Pakistan. Cottonseed cake is nutritious feed for milch animals. In cotton seed 20 per cent oil and 25 per cent protein is also present. Dried cotton sticks are the cheap source of fuel for domestic use in rural areas.…Read More

  • Techno messengers

    We have seen messengers facilitating the messages to be sent to a certain destination with full devotion. They try to the message through by means of sending and receiving techniques which can guarantee the success in achieving a goal or objective. Some believe that whatever ease we go for to have max impact on the receivers to change the path from wrong to right. Messages often are very important and must to be sent across the board to all so that damage can be reduced. We all have something that needs to be communicated, disseminated or forwarded to certain audience…Read More

  • The war of currents

    The word “WAR” is always enough to imagine a mass killings, brutality, inhumanity, destructions and blighted cities. We may imagine melted corpses of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The memories of martyrdoms of 1965, 1971, 1998 and even of the war of terrorism are not the part of our past; where humanity has observed brutal massacre. Keeping all this aside, I’m going to discuss a separate topic “The War of Currents”; just a feud between two notable scientists apparently. But encloses a large number of painful stories of its destructive effects (on both humans and animals), though I have…Read More

  • Controlled release of fertilizers; uses and benefits

    From many years, the main goal of applying fertilizers is to provide nutrients to plants to increase or sustain crop yields. Thus, to improve fertilizer use efficiency in terms of nutrient uptake and better crop yields is important to fertilizer producers and users. However, any fertilizer, whether in the natural, organic, or inorganic form, can harm the environment if misused. Recently, fertilizers usage has been labelled by environmentalists as one source of polluting soil, water, and air. The main environmental impacts associated with fertilizer use have been linked to nitrate …Read More

  • Are we poisoning ourselves?

    Rapid increase in human population has employed increased issues of hunger, poverty, food security, hygiene and health issues. Population explosion has also led the way towards frequent use of insecticides and pesticides following repercussions in the form of damaging human and animal health as well as its destructive effects on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem especially in third world countries. It is now clearly indicated by the recent reports that these poisons have become a part of food chain including hazardous residues of chemicals in our food. Also it depends on the behaviour of the pesticides in air and the transfer of these poisons in the soil. On one side we have inadequate…Read More

  • In quest of pharmacological potential of snake venom

    Snakes live everywhere from treetops to the forests, floor in desert and in the ocean. It lives openly. Snake is very dangerous and threat animal for humans and other animals. It has the ability to sting and produce sever disease. Most snakes are non-venomous and some are venomous. Those that have venom use it primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Snake uses smell to track its prey. Snake venom causes painful injury or death to humans. Cobra bites humans, it is extremely painful if snake bite causes bleeding and blister appears on that pla…Read More

  • Dilemma with innovation

    Innovations are offspring of research & development in science & technology done in a framework having harmony and HR as well as financial resource to work upon new tech for society in order to engage youth. It is beyond any doubt that innovations are a way to tap the mental capabilities of innovative and genius minds to channelize the same in creating a healthy community. While on the other hand, it is, however, observed that innovations in some countries are pursued only for the sake of boosting business. Depending upon the context, the purpose of innovation or the way it is pursued varies for the researchers. Main purpose of the technology was to make people healthier and ha…Read More