Future Climate Change Scenarios’ to assess the hydro-Meteorological aspects of available water resources approved as a joint project between Pakistan and China.
Interaction of westerly and summer monsoon in upper Indus basin and its impact on water resources’ and `Projection and attribution of streamflow composition in Mountain Rivers in China and Pakistan’ were the approved projects.
Understanding the current and future state of stream flows in snow and ice subjugated regions with speedy changing climate is the aim of projects.
Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) and National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) has jointly funded the project, said official of ministry of science and technology.
He informed that these projects will add knowledge about the hydro-meteorological aspects particularly in the Northern Areas of frozen water reserves in the form of snow and glaciers, besides manipulating available scientific knowledge and technological advancements.
He added that results will be useful in addressing the social requirements in the insight of environmental and ecological changes due to climate change.
Tarim River, China and Chitral River, Pakistan have been selected as pilot basins. Mutual consultations among the scientists of both the sides designed project execution framework for developing consistent climate change scenarios, universal applicable hydrological models, and potential outputs.
Climate modeling team of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and a group of ecological scientists from Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) from China will be engaged in research with PMD researchers.
He added that monitoring instruments of glacier retreat and changing stream flows will be started and conduct several visits to the selected glaciated basins of China and Pakistan.
Liquid and solid precipitation will be distinguished for flood forecasting model to incorporate the prospects of frozen beside liquid water resources.