Sugar production whether from beet or cane has several negative impacts on soil, water and air. Multiple conservation organisations have identified these impacts. The Great Barrier Reef off Australia's coast, which suffers from effluents and sediment from sugar farms, is one such case. The sugar is one of the most 'thirsty' crops in several large river basins (see report Agricultural Water Use and River Basin Conservation, http://www.panda.org/downloads/freshwater/agwaterusefinalreport.pdf). This include the Niger River in West Africa, the Zambezi in Southern Africa, the Indus River in Pakistan, the Mekong River in SE Asia, and the Konya Basin in Turkey.