Muhammad Hunain Ahmed

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Naegleria: an emergent infection in Pakistan

Naegleria, known as brain eating disease, is an amoeba commonly found in warm freshwater such as lakes, rivers, and hot

Major health issues in Pakistan

The problem of health issues is increasing in Pakistan on daily basis. These issues lead towards new kind of diseases

Mammary gland tumors in dogs

Benign and malignant tumors of mammary glands occur, usually in non-spayed female dogs. Spaying can largely reduce the risk of development of this

Enterotoxemia: overeating disease of sheep and goat

Enterotoxemia is also known as overeating or pulpy kidney disease. Causative agent of disease is clostridium perfringens, is Gram positive,

Causes of Vaccination Failure

Vaccination is the administration of antigen but is relatively harmless. Antigenic components in vaccinated individuals can produce protective immunity against

Avian Influenza Virus and their Economic Importance

Avian influenza virus causes domestic poultry as well as wild birds and pets. Avian influenza in birds is caused by

Markhor – National animal of Pakistan

The word markhor is derived from a Persian language, meaning snake eater. Historically, the straight-horned markhor is a subspecies, inhabited on

Prevention of canine infectious tracheobronchitis in dogs

Canine infectious tracheobronchitis is an acute, highly contagious respiratory disease that affects the larynx, trachea, bronchi, and occasionally the lower

Common zoonotic diseases of pets

The diseases which are transferred from animals to humans are termed as zoonotic, which are rare but severe. Here are some