Mamoona Arshad

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Prevalence of endoparasites in animals

There are many parasites of animals which are present inside their body and known as endoparasites. They feed on their

Hypoderma species in bovines

Hypoderma commonly known as ‘cattle grub‘ are primary parasites of bovines and have great economic importance. Larvae of Hypoderma species

Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy: Man has always been curious to know for how long he, his loved ones, enemies, and animals he