Science is the main pillar of economic growth and development and science is key in achievement of global goals (SDGs).
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The Sustainable Development Goals are the sketch to get better and more secure future for all. They covers the global challenges we face, including those related to our daily life problems including poverty, hunger, health, education, global warming, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, urbanization, environment and social justice The United Nations General Assembly named it “Transforming our World”.
The Goals are interlinked with each other and in order to achieve anything, it is important that we achieve each Goal and target in time and achieving all 169 targets would signal accomplishing all 17 goals till 2030.
Impact of science on global goals
To Enjoy a reliable future of peace, dignity for all Science is very crucial for the race to reach 17 sustainable development goals by 2030.
“No one can ignore the vital role of science, technology and innovation” (STI) in “advancing the transformative impact” of the 2030 Agenda, said Marie Chatardová, President of the Economic and Social Council
While rapidly changing new technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning have immense promise, that improving living standards and increasing productivity.
So, the policy sciences “map” the mechanisms through which these goals can be achieved.
How science can help make the sustainable development goals from distant dream to applicable reality
Policies and strategies are more likely to succeed if they are based on science.
So, policymakers and researchers will have to work together. And that means trade-offs.
For science related persons need to learn new skills about the researches in communities and how to connect policy makers to cope with the complex problems
If this integration takes place, the strategies to affect the SDGs will be informed by proves and will have results that improve people’s daily life.
Scientists and policy or lawmakers should work across all the sectors. So, for example, health scientists need to work with scientists in other areas, as well as with non-health policymakers.
Health policymakers working in cities need to work with researchers and other policymakers in housing, transport, food and trade.
For this purpose, the UN Interagency Task Force for different policy sectors developed a Non-communicable disease toolkit .
This toolkit for non-communicable diseases, produced in partnership with the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA) includes a facilitator guide, a volunteer manual and five sections.
Labor ministers, for example, are advised that non-communicable diseases reduce the labor force, productivity and economic growth. They can see how preventing non-communicable diseases makes economic sense.
Raise investments in science
By initiating minimum target investments for science and technology and should work for new innovations in every field of science. Investments in science will be benefit for economic development and scientific progress as well as for building up and expanding scientific infrastructure.
Promote an integrated scientific and the diversity of knowledge systems.
Increase the scientific research and technological capabilities across industrial.
In this respect, international cooperation among National Academies of Sciences needs to be enhanced and governmental research firms, which play a crucial role in sustainability that need to be healthy.