The contribution of livestock in national GDP in year 2014-15 is 11.8% while it contributes 56.3% to agriculture. Fodder is an important factor in various farming systems as it is necessary for the normal functioning of livestock and without this animal survival is very difficult. Its demand is now increasing day by day so farmers grow multi-cut fodder like barseem, lucerne, sorghum, maize and millet. Now a days weather is tremendously changing, no one can predict its schedule accurately. So harsh weather conditions like severe cold and fog are disturbing the normal growth of fodder thats why its production is decreasing. Farmers are facing problems in managing the fodder for their animals. So to overcome this shortage of fodder, silage is best option for animals feed. Any green plant material that undergoes fermentation in silo is known as silage. Silo is a large structure for storage in which green forage is stored and fermented. This process is known as ensilage. Qualities of good silage Light brownish color is an indicator of good silage. It has bitter taste and little smell due to its acidic contents. Lactic acid is commonly present in it. In the absence of oxygen it can be kept safe for years. For proper fermentation, crop should be at such stage that it has maximum carbohydrates contents and moisture level should be very low. Why silage is more preferable for feeding livestock?
Commonly fodder is used as a best feed for livestock but in the periods of fodder shortage there
must be some another source of feed for livestock. Among those sources silage is the best option
because it is nutritious, containing essential proteins which are required by livestock. Silage is
Most of crops including legumes and grasses can be stored as silage but the most common is
corn. Its energy contents are higher. Alfalfa and sorghum also can be used for silage purpose. We
should choose crop at that stage at which it has maximum green part. This is most important for
good silage. Moisture content for silage crop should be near 65-70 %.Length of chop also affects
as air exclusion is affected by this. There should be good chopping and packing.
Storage of silage
Traditional storage methods on farms are silos. However bales are also becoming popular. These
are wrapped in polythene material to ensile them and can be of three colors. Black is the most
common color. White promotes lower fermentation temperature as it reflects the sun.
https://www.technologytimes.pk/silage-safe-and-healthy-fodder/Technology TimesArticlesfodder,Healthy,safe,SilageThe contribution of livestock in national GDP in year 2014-15 is 11.8% while it contributes
56.3% to agriculture. Fodder is an important factor in various farming systems as it is necessary
for the normal functioning of livestock and without this animal survival is very difficult. Its
demand is now increasing day by...Technology TimesTechnology Timesweb@technologytimes.pkAdministratorTechnology Times is Pakistan's First Newspaper on Science and TechnologyTechnology Times