Stem cells in the treatment of diabetes

Scientists functioning to develop more practical treatments for diabetic problems are turning to stem cells. Such cells are often amended into cells that turn out hormone, the internal secretion that controls blood glucose.

Stem cells in the treatment of diabetesStem cells are the cells in the body which have a property to differentiate to make other cells. They are present in bone marrow or fat and in embryo in blastocyst stage comprises of about 150 cells. These cells are used to regenerate, reform and repair the diseases, damage tissues and organ in body. Stem Cells can be used in the treatment of:

  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Type I diabetes
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Strokes heat diseases
  • Cancer
  • Alzheimer’s diseases
  • SCID (Severe Combined Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Diabetes is a malfunctioning of pancreas unable to standardize the glucose concentration in blood which is regulated by protein, the discharge of a proteinaceous hormone ‘insulin’ that is secreted by B-cell of pancreas. B-cells are triggered when there is increase in the blood glucose level. Diabetes is a leading cause of death in whole world. Diabetes is a risk factor of number of diseases like kidney failure, heart diseases and liver malfunction.

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From time to time, scientist is making the attempts to discover the treatment of diabetes other than using synthetic insulin. There is no particular reason found of the diabetes. Now scientist is struggling to cure diabetes by using methods like reducing the death of B-cells and replacing the B-cells through transplant and by increasing B-cells replication. Already, the beta cells we made could emit insulin because of glucose, however they were increasingly similar to fire hydrants, either making a great deal of insulin or none. The new cells are progressively delicate and emit insulin that better compares to the glucose levels.

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Stem cells can be used to treat diabetes Type I, by inducing stem cell in the B-cell and then inducing B-cell in the body. This technique may repair impair and damage tissues and help to increase the production of B-cell. Some techniques can also be used to treat Type 2 diabetes by replacing damage B-cells. This treatment of diabetes is improving the symptoms and condition of patient and improving patient’s life.

Procedure of Stem Cell Therapy

  1. Counselling
  2. Selection of Patient
  3. Required Test as: CBC, LFT, KFT, Serum Creatinine, Abdomen, HbA1c, Echo, Sugar Charting, etc.
  4. Collection of bone marrow/ Lipoaspiration of fat
  5. Processing of cells.
  6. Infusion of cells.
  7. Post follow up care and Instruction.
  8. Nutrients, supplements and Exercise.
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By using this technique patient have major decreases in:

  • Blood glucose level
  • Decrease the risk of kidney failure
  • Decrease in triglycerides levels
  • Decrease in the level of Hemoglobin A1C.

There are many benefits from this treatment that include improvement of physical activities, decrease in complications, decrease in itching of skin and decrease frequent urination etc. Now, diabetes undifferentiated cell treatment lightens the conditions and signs for patients, improving their general personal satisfaction.

Author: Fatima Javed

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