Emerging anthelmintic resistance and medicinal plants as an alternative to combat resistance




The worms are adversely affecting the efficiency of animals causing a huge financial loss to their owners. In our country the areas where animals are mostly fed on grazing, animals are at risk of heavy worm infestation. Generally, there are two types of parasites which can cause harm to the animals Ectoparasites and endoparasites. Ectoparasites are those which attack on the skin of the animal and damage the skin and transmit various pathogens through their bite. Ectoparasites include

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Antibiotics resistance: A global threat!




Antibiotics is one of the powerful weapons used to cope with bacteria. The word antibiotics is a Greek word, anti means against and bios means life so antibiotics are against life (specifically bacteria killing drugs). Syphilis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, scarlet fever and gonorrhea are few diseases caused by bacteria. Previously many bacterial infections may kill millions of life. First antibiotic was Penicillin, thanks to Alexander Fleming who discovered it in 1928. Generally we divide

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Role of silicon in rice blast resistance




Rice is the second most important food crop after wheat in Pakistan. In last few years rice yield has been found diminishing and nutritional imbalance has been reported as one of major reasons. In a more specific study of nutrients; the micronutrients have now have been found equally important as macronutrients although they are required in a minute quantity. Balancing the micronutrients for rice cultivation enhances the quality and yield. Micronutrients such as silicon are the most

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