Tag: source

Biofuel: A Source to Overcome Energy Crisis

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article image Biofuels are fuels derived from biomass through various chemical and biological processes. Common biofuel types include bioethanol, biogas, biodiesel and syngas. Depending upon the feedstock and conversion technology used for synthesis of biofuel, it can be differentiate into first generation (produced directly from food crops), second generation (derived from feedstock), third generation biofuel (derived from […]…Read More

Maillard reaction a source of potentially carcinogen acrylamide compound in thermally processed foods

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Maillard reaction is non- enzymatic browning between carbonyl group of carbohydrates and amine group of proteins in heated or processed food products under high temperature. Acrylamide first declared to be a food-borne carcinogen by Swedish National Food Administration in 2002 as it reported in many carbohydrates- based food products like potato chips, bread, coffee beans. […]…Read More

Coal-fired power plants: growing source of mercury emission in Pakistan

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MERCURY IS attractively beautiful, but a toxic heavy metal that triggers brain damage; effects immune and reproductive system; exclusively harmful to developing fetuses; and cause heart problems. Less than one gram or 1/70th of one teaspoon of mercury deposited on a 25-acre lake can make the fish hazardous to eat. Sources of mercury are quite […]…Read More

First call for proposals for the SESAME light source

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article image ISLAMABAD: SESAME, the pioneering new regional laboratory for the Middle East and neighbouring countries has publicly announced its first call for proposals for experiments. A third generation light source with a research capacity ranging from medicine to cultural heritage, SESAME’s first beams will be circulating this autumn, with the experimental programme getting under way in 2017. SESAME is already host to a growing user community of some 300…Read More

Fruit leather: an instant source of energy

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article image DO YOU know that you can eat leather too? Yes, it is true. Let me take you into the food world where leather is a delicious and healthy snack.You are already aware that fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals consequently having a greater value regarding health benefits. They own bounteous nutritious components like antioxidant compounds, laid back with tocopherols, anthocyanins, carotenoids and phenolic compounds. The reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases,…Read More

Fruit Leather; An instant source of energy

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article image Do you know that you can eat leather too? Yes, it is true. Let me take you into the food world where leather is a delicious and healthy snack.You are already aware that fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals consequently having a greater value regarding health benefits. They own bounteous nutritious components like antioxidant compounds, laid back with tocopherols, anthocyanins, carotenoids and phenolic compounds. The reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases,…Read More

Particulate matter-an alarming source of air pollution

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article image Particulate matter refers to the finely divided solid and liquid particles of organic or inorganic nature that remains suspended in the atmosphere. Particulate matter can be of different size, composition, and origin, consisting of pollen, mold spores, house dust mites, bacteria, acids, viruses, dust particles, cement dust, fine clay particles containing heavy metals, fly ash, oil smoke, smog, tobacco smoke and soot. Particulate matter (PM) can be divided into different groups…Read More

Particulate matter-an alarming source of air pollution

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article image Particulate matter refers to the finely divided solid and liquid particles of organic or inorganic nature that remains suspended in the atmosphere. Particulate matter can be of different size, composition, and origin, consisting of pollen, mold spores, house dust mites, bacteria, acids, viruses, dust particles, cement dust, fine clay particles containing heavy metals, fly ash, oil smoke, smog, tobacco smoke and soot. Particulate matter (PM) can be divided into…Read More

Biodiesel, a clean source of energy

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article image The world population is growing rapidly as a result fuel demands are increasing. However, natural resources of energy (crude oil, gas and coal) are diminishing with the passage of time. According to the CIA World Fact book, we are finishing all of the known reserves of crude oil by 2052, gas by 2060 and coal by 2088. Due to the ever diminishing fossil fuels and, increasing fuel demands combined with environmental pollution concerns, the world has been focusing on the development of…Read More

Artificial leaves a source of future clean energy

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article image HUMANS HAVE been struggling for years to create clean, renewable energy that does not decimate the planet. During plant photosynthesis water and carbon dioxide is turned into glucose and oxygen. Recently, mankind has been trying to learn from plants to produce our own clean, green machines - in this case Artificial leaves. What are artificial leaves? "Artificial leaf" is like living leaves; this device can turn the sunlight directly into a chemical fuel that can be stored…Read More