Use of cochineal beetles and honey bee in cosmetics

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Cochineal Beetles (Dactylopius Coccus) are the important insect which have many importance and present in different areas

of the world. The cactus plants are the food of these insects. These insects are oval shaped, flat, soft bodied insects. They

present in Mexico and South America. These Insects are feeding on the plant, moisture and nutrients and living on cacti.

Female cochineal beetles eat the red cactus berries, so when the beetles are creased, a very deep red color is formed. Due to

its nontoxic properties, Cochineal colour has been used for many years, therefore, its use is very common in yogurt, candy,

ice cream, eye shadow, lipstick. In fact, Starbucks just known to using dyeing color in some of their beverages, producing a

large problem for their many vegan supporters. Various customers may not know the red coloring of their fabric like

pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, andamp; food could be removed from the creased bodies of cochineal.

In Cochineal insects carminic acid substances is

present in high concentration which obtained from

insects eggs and body and is mixed with calcium and

Aluminum salts to make a carmine color. It is also

identified as cochineal. in our food products and

cosmetics mainly used carminic acid like natural red

4,75470, cochineal extract, carmine ,crimson lake

used to color our products. In recent update for those

of us observing to avoid the products of animal

manipulation, as it has been known to cause severe

asthmatic attacks, anaphylactic shock and allergic

reactions in some people the component must be

comprised on packaging labels when used as a food

additive. Carmine is present in two forms insoluble

form use in jams, meat, marinades, icings, dairy

products, sausages, juice beverages, and processed

poultry. And the water soluble form of carmine is

used in alcoholic drinks. It is also used in cosmetic and

drug industry practices cochineal to color face

powdered, lipsticks, blushes, hair and skin-care

product and in drugs used in tablets and creams and



In our microbiology labs a dark red colour are frequently prepared form carmine extract. The dark crimson colour is made by

collecting by females and their babies. The cochineal bugs are farmed for three months when they are ninety days old then

collected these insects. This practice is very beneficial for commercial production.

After collecting the insects are carefully scrubbed from the cacti, and kept into bags. For further process collected insects

taken to the production place and insects are killed by different ways i.e., by using heat of oven, dipping in hot water and

direct exposure to sunlight it is to be famous that the alteration in appearance of commercial cochineal is caused by the

different ways used during this procedure. For making one pound (454 gm) of cochineal about 70,000 insects are used. It is

thought that abdomen of one cochineal contain about 18-20% of carminic acid. The stomach is the part of insect that houses

the fertilized eggs of the cochineal contains the maximum carmine. A process initiates after drying whereby the abdomens

and fertilized eggs are detached from the other parts of the body. These are then ground into a powder and cooked to

extract the maximum quantity of dye. This solution put through special practices after cleaning. This causes all carmine

particles to settle down to the bottom of the cooking container. The

lowest part of the container is left with pure carmine when liquid is

removed. In manufacture many other ingredients can be used

which include stannous, gelatin, borax chloride, citric acid, etc.

That natural red dyeing in your food and

makeup might come from a place that may

make you cringe. The ground-up bodies of

thousands of tiny insects; thousands of

miles from your local grocery store,

farmers in south and Central America

make a living harvesting and smashing the

bugs that go into the dye. Theyand#39;re called

cochineal insects, and their crushed bodies

produce a deep red ink that is used as a

natural food coloring. The squeamish

customers out there (and those that are

vegan) werenand#39;t too happy when they

found out that the dye was used in the

Starbucksand#39; Strawberry Frappuccino. The

outcry ended in Starbucks halting its use of

the product. But the dye is still used in

thousands of other food products from

Nerds candies to grapefruit juice including

that lovely red lipstick. You will never see

the word andquot;insectsandquot; listed on a product

label, though. In 2009, the Food and Drug

Administration announced a new act that

simply required food producers to list the

ingredient as andquot;carmine,andquot; a catch-all term

for an especially deep-red colour of the

same name.


Carmine can b use in products by different


 Cosmetic Manufacturing: Dispersions close to Lipsticks, eye shadows, eye area.

 Alcoholic Drinks: Foodstuffs with low pH requiring orange andamp;

red colors.

 Beverage Production: fruit, energy drinks, soft drinks.

 Dairy Industry: Yogurts and dairy based beverages, ice cream.

 Food Industry: meat, frozen fish, etc.


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